Psalm 78
Holman Christian Standard Bible  Par ▾ 

Lessons from Israel’s Past

A Maskil of Asaph.a

1My people, hear my instruction;

listen to what I say.b

2I will declare wise sayings;

I will speak mysteries from the pastc —

3things we have heard and known

and that our fathers have passed down to us.d

4We must not hide them from their children,

but must tell a future generation

the praises of the LORD,

His might, and the wonderful works

He has performed.e

5He established a testimony in Jacob

and set up a law in Israel,

which He commanded our fathers

to teach to their childrenf

6so that a future generation —

children yet to be born — might know.

They were to rise and tell their childreng

7so that they might put their confidence in God

and not forget God’s works,

but keep His commands.h

8Then they would not be like their fathers,

a stubborn and rebellious generation,

a generation whose heart was not loyal

and whose spirit was not faithful to God.i

9The Ephraimite archers turned back

on the day of battle.j

10They did not keep God’s covenant

and refused to live by His law.k

11They forgot what He had done,

the wonderful works He had shown them.l

12He worked wonders in the sight of their fathers

in the land of Egypt, the region of Zoan.m

13He split the sea and brought them across;

the water stood firm like a wall.n

14He led them with a cloud by day

and with a fiery light throughout the night.o

15He split rocks in the wilderness

and gave them drink as abundant as the depths.p

16He brought streams out of the stone

and made water flow down like rivers.q

17But they continued to sin against Him,

rebelling in the desert against the Most High.r

18They deliberatelys tested God,

demanding the food they craved.t

19They spoke against God, saying,

Is God able to provide food in the wilderness?

20Look! He struck the rock and water gushed out;

torrents overflowed.u

But can He also provide bread

or furnish meat for His people? ”v

21Therefore, the LORD heard and became furious;

then fire broke out against Jacob,

and anger flared up against Israelw

22because they did not believe God

or rely on His salvation.x

23He gave a command to the clouds above

and opened the doors of heaven.y

24He rained manna for them to eat;

He gave them grain from heaven.z

25Peopleaa ate the bread of angels.ab

He sent them an abundant supply of

26He made the east wind blow in the skies

and drove the south wind by His

27He rained meat on them like dust,

and winged birds like the sand of the seas.

28He made them fall in His camp,

all around His, af, ag

29They ate and were completely satisfied,

for He gave them what they craved.ah

30Before they had satisfied their desire,

while the food was still in their mouths,

31God’s anger flared up against them,

and He killed some of their best men.

He struck down Israel’s choice young

32Despite all this, they kept sinning

and did not believe His wonderful works.aj

33He made their days end in futility,

their years in sudden disaster.ak

34When He killed some of them,

the rest began to seek Him;

they repented and searched for

35They remembered that God was their rock,

the Most High God, their

36But they deceived Him with their mouths,

they lied to Him with their tongues,an

37their hearts were insincere toward Him,

and they were unfaithful to His

38Yet He was compassionate;

He atoned forap their guilt

and did not destroy them.

He often turned His anger aside

and did not unleashaq all His

39He remembered that they were only flesh,

a wind that passes and does not

40How often they rebelled against Him

in the wilderness

and grieved Him in the desert.

41They constantly tested Godat

and provoked the Holy One of

42They did not remember His power shown

on the day He redeemed them from the foe,av

43when He performed His miraculous signs in Egypt

and His wonders in the region of

44He turned their rivers into blood,

and they could not drink from their

45He sent among them swarms of flies,ay

which fed on them,

and frogs, which devastated

46He gave their crops to the caterpillar

and the fruit of their labor to the

47He killed their vines with hail

and their sycamore fig trees with a flood.

48He handed over their livestock to hail

and their cattle to lightning

49He sent His burning anger against them:

fury, indignation, and calamity —

a band of deadly messengers.bc, bd

50He cleared a path for His anger.

He did not spare them from death

but delivered their lives to the

51He struck all the firstbornbf in Egypt,

the first progeny of the tents of, bh

52He led His people out like sheep

and guided them like a flock in the

53He led them safely, and they were not afraid;

but the sea covered their

54He brought them to His holy land,

to the mountain His right hand acquired.bk

55He drove out nations before

He apportioned their inheritance by lot

and settled the tribes of Israel in their

56But they rebelliously tested the Most High God,

for they did not keep His

57They treacherously turned away like their fathers;

they became warped like a faulty

58They enraged Him with their high places

and provoked His jealousy with their carved images.bp

59God heard and became furious;

He completely rejected

60He abandoned the tabernacle at Shiloh,

the tent where He resided among, bs

61He gave up His strengthbt to captivity

and His splendor to the hand of a foe.bu

62He surrendered His people to the sword

because He was enraged with His

63Fire consumed His chosen young men,

and His young women had no wedding, bx

64His priests fell by the sword,

but theby widows could not, ca

65Then the Lord awoke as if from sleep,

like a warrior from the effects of wine.cb

66He beat back His foes;

He gave them lasting

67He rejected the tent of Joseph

and did not choose the tribe of Ephraim.

68He chose instead the tribe of Judah,

Mount Zion, which He

69He built His sanctuary like the heights,ce

like the earth that He established

70He chose David His servant

and took him from the sheepfolds;cg

71He brought him from tending ewes

to be shepherd over His people Jacob —

over Israel, His

72He shepherded them with a pure heart

and guided them with his skillful

a. 78:title 1Ch 16:5,7
b. 78:1 Pr 5:7; 7:24; Is 55:3
c. 78:2 Ps 49:4; Pr 1:6; Mt 13:35
d. 78:3 Ps 44:1
e. 78:4 Dt 6:7; 11:19; Ps 145:4
f. 78:5 Ps 19:7; 81:5; 147:19
g. 78:6 Dt 11:19; Ps 22:31; 102:18
h. 78:7 Dt 6:12; Ps 103:2; Pr 3:1
i. 78:8 Dt 31:27; 2Kg 17:14; 2Ch 30:7
j. 78:9 Ps 44:10
k. 78:10 1Kg 11:11; 2Kg 17:15; Jr 32:23
l. 78:11 Ps 106:13
m. 78:12 Ex 7–12; Ps 78:43
n. 78:13 Ex 14:21; 15:8; Ps 136:13
o. 78:14 Ex 13:21; Nm 14:14; Ps 105:39
p. 78:15 Ex 17:6; Nm 20:8-13; Is 48:21
q. 78:16 Ps 105:41; 114:8
r. 78:17 Dt 9:22; Is 63:10; Heb 3:16
s. 78:18 Lit in their heart
t. 78:18 Ex 17:2,7; Ps 106:14; 1Co 10:5-10
u. 78:20 Nm 20:11
v. 78:19-20 Ex 16:3; Nm 11:4; 21:5
w. 78:21 Nm 11:1
x. 78:22 Dt 1:23; 9:23; Heb 3:18
y. 78:23 Gn 7:11; Mal 3:10
z. 78:24 Ex 16:4,31; Jn 6:31
aa. 78:25 Lit Man
ab. 78:25 Lit mighty ones
ac. 78:25 Ex 16:3
ad. 78:26 Nm 11:31
ae. 78:28 LXX, Syr read in their camp, all around their tents
af. 78:28 Or in its camp, all around its tents
ag. 78:27-28 Ex 16:13; Ps 105:40
ah. 78:29 Nm 11:4,34
ai. 78:30-31 Nm 11:33-34; Jb 20:23
aj. 78:32 Nm 14:16-17
ak. 78:33 Nm 14:29,35
al. 78:34 Nm 21:7; Ps 63:1; Hs 5:15
am. 78:35 Is 44:6,8
an. 78:36 Is 29:13; 57:11; Ezk 33:31
ao. 78:37 Ps 51:10; 78:8; Ac 8:21
ap. 78:38 Or He wiped out, or He forgave
aq. 78:38 Or stir up
ar. 78:38 Nm 14:18-20; Dt 4:31; Is 12:1
as. 78:39 Dt 31:27; Ps 107:11
at. 78:41 Ps 95:8-9
au. 78:41 Dt 9:7-8,22; Ps 106:29; Zch 8:14
av. 78:42 Jdg 8:34; Ps 44:3; 106:10
aw. 78:43 Ex 4:21; 7:3; Ps 105:27
ax. 78:44 Ex 7:14-25; Ps 105:29
ay. 78:45 Ex 8:17; Ps 105:31
az. 78:45 Ex 8:3-6; Ps 105:30
ba. 78:46 Ex 10:14-15; Ps 105:34
bb. 78:47-48 Ex 9:23-24; Ps 105:32
bc. 78:49 Or angels
bd. 78:49 Ex 12:13,23; 2Sm 24:16
be. 78:50 Ex 12:29-30
bf. 78:51 Ex 13:15; Ps 105:36
bg. 78:51 Ham’s descendants who settled in Egypt
bh. 78:51 Ps 105:23,27
bi. 78:52 Ex 15:22; Ps 77:20
bj. 78:53 Ex 14; 15:19; Jos 24:7; Ps 106:11
bk. 78:54 Ex 15:17; Ps 74:2
bl. 78:55 Jos 11:16-23; Ps 44:2
bm. 78:55 Jos 13:7; 23:4; Ps 135:12
bn. 78:56 Jdg 2:11-13
bo. 78:57 Ezk 20:27-28; Hs 7:16
bp. 78:58 Jdg 2:12; 1Kg 3:2; Ezk 20:28
bq. 78:59 Dt 32:19; Ps 106:40; Am 6:8
br. 78:60 Hb adam
bs. 78:60 Jr 7:12,14; 26:6
bt. 78:61 = the ark of the covenant
bu. 78:61 1Sm 4:17
bv. 78:62 Jdg 20:21; 1Sm 4:10
bw. 78:63 Lit virgins were not praised
bx. 78:63 Jr 7:34; 16:9; Lm 2:21
by. 78:64 Lit His
bz. 78:64 War probably prevented customary funerals.
ca. 78:64 Jb 27:15; Ezk 24:23
cb. 78:65 Ps 73:20; 121:4; Is 42:13
cc. 78:66 1Sm 5:6; Ps 40:14
cd. 78:67-68 Ps 87:2
ce. 78:69 Either the heights of heaven or the mountain heights
cf. 78:69 1Kg 6
cg. 78:70 1Sm 16:11-13
ch. 78:71 Ps 28:9; Is 40:11
ci. 78:72 1Kg 9:4; Ps 101:2
Psalm 77
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