1 Chronicles 18
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David’s Military Victories

(2 Samuel 8:1-14)

1After this, David defeated and subdued the Philistines, and then took possession of Gath and its towns from Philistine control. 2He also conquered Moab, placing them in servitude and making them pay tribute.

3David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, which is near Hamath,a while he was going about establishing his hegemonyb as far as the Euphratesc River. 4David confiscated 1,000 chariots, 7,000 horsemen, and 20,000 foot soldiers from him, and hamstrung all of the chariot horses except for a reserve force of 100 chariots. 5When Arameans came from Damascus to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them. 6David later erected garrisonsd in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans were placed under servitude to David, to whom they paid tribute. 7David also confiscated the gold shields that belonged to Hadadezer’s officials and took them to Jerusalem. 8David also confiscated a vast quantity of bronze from Tibhathe and Cun, cities under Hadadezer’s control. Later on, Solomon crafted the bronze sea, the pillars, and the bronze vessels for the Temple.f

9When King Tou of Hamath learned that David had conquered King Hadadezer of Zobah’s entire army, 10he sent his son Hadoram to King David to meet and congratulate him, because he had fought against and defeated Hadadezer. Since Hadadezer had often been to war against Tou, he sent all sorts of gold, silver, and bronze goods 11to King David, which Davidg also dedicated to the LORD, along with silver and gold that he confiscated from all the surroundingh nations, including Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek.

12Zeruiah’s son Abishai killed 18,000 Edomites in the Salt Valley. 13He erected garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subservient to David, while the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went.

David’s Reign

(2 Samuel 8:15-18)

14So David reigned over all of Israel, administering justice and equity to all of his people. 15Zeruiah’s son Joab served in charge of the army, Ahilud’s son Jehoshaphat was his personal archivist,i 16Ahitub’s son Zadok and Abiathar’s son Ahimelech were priests, Shavshaj was his personal secretary,k 17Jehoiada’s son Benaiah supervised the special forcesl and mercenaries,m while David’s sons worked as chief officials in service to the king.n

a 18:3 A city in Syria on the Orontes River
b 18:3 Lit. hand
c 18:3 Or Perath; a river valley near Parah (cf. Jer 13:4-7)
d 18:6 So LXX. The Heb. lacks garrisons
e 18:8 So MT; cf. 2Sam 8:8
f 18:8 The Heb. lacks for the Temple
g 18:11 Lit. he
h 18:11 The Heb. lacks surrounding
i 18:15 Or recorder; an officer who kept official records of David’s administration
j 18:16 Cf. 2Sam 8:16, which reads Seraiah
k 18:16 Or scribe
l 18:17 Lit. Cherethites; i.e. elite body guards
m 18:17 Lit. Pelethites; i.e. special couriers
n 18:17 Cf. 2Sam 8:19, which describes them as priests

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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