1 Samuel 18
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Jonathan and David’s Friendship

1When David finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan became a close friend to David,a and Jonathanb loved him as himself. 2Saul took Davidc that day and did not let him return to his father’s house. 3Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as he loved himself. 4Jonathan took off the robe that he had on and gave it to David, along with his coat, his sword, his bow, and his belt. 5David went out and was successful everywhere Saul sent him, and Saul put him in charge of the troops. This pleased the entire army,d as well as Saul’s officials.e

Saul’s Jealousy of David

6When David returned from defeating the Philistine, as they were entering the city, women from all the towns of Israel came out to meet King Saul, singing and dancing as they joyously played tambourines and lyres. 7As the women sang and played, they said,

“Saul has struck down his thousands

but David his ten thousands.”

8Saul was very angry and he did not like what the women sang. He told himself,f “They have attributed tens of thousands to David, but to me they have attributed thousands. What else can he have but the kingdom?” 9From then on Saul kept his eye on David.g

10The next day, while David was playing the lyreh as he had before, the evil spirit from the LORD attacked Saul, and he began to ravei inside the house with a spear in his hand. 11Saul hurled it, thinking,j “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David escaped from him twice.

12Now Saul was afraid of David because the LORD was with him and had departed from Saul. 13Saul removed Davidk from his presence and made him an officer over a division of soldiers.l So David led the troops in battle.m 14David was successful in all that he did, for the LORD was with him. 15When Saul saw that Davidn was highly successful, he feared him. 16But all Israel and Judah loved David because he led them in battle.o

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

17Saul told David, “Here is my older daughter Merab. I’ll give her to you as a wife. Just be an excellent soldier for me and fight the LORD’s battles.” Now Saul told himself,p “I won’t harm him myself.q Instead, I’ll let the Philistines harm him.”r

18David told Saul, “Who am I and what is my life or my father’s family in Israel that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” 19And when the time came to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given as a wife to Adriel of Meholah.

20Saul’s daughter Michal loved David. Saul was informed of this and he liked the idea.s 21Saul told himself,t “I’ll give her to him and she can be a snare to him and the Philistines will harm him.”u So Saul told David, “For a second time you can be my son-in-law today.”

22Saul commanded his officials,v “Speak with David privately and say, ‘Look, the king delights in you, and all his officialsw love you. Now become the king’s son-in-law.’”

23Saul’s officialsx delivered this message to David,y and hez asked, “Is becoming the king’s son-in-law an unimportant thing to you? I’m a poor and unimportant man.”

24Saul’s officialsaa reported to him: “This is what David said.”

25Saul said, “This is what you are to tell David, ‘The king desires no bride price except 100 Philistine foreskins to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” Now Saul thought he would cause David to die at the hand of the Philistines. 26When his officialsbb delivered this message to David, David decided it would be a good thing to become the king’s son-in-law. Before the time was up, 27David got up, went out with his men, and struck down 200 Philistine men. David brought their foreskins and gave them all to the king so he could become the king’s son-in-law. So Saul gave him his daughter Michal as a wife. 28As Saul continued to observe, he realized that the LORD was with David and that Saul’s daughter Michal loved him. 29Then Saul was even more afraid of David, and Saul was David’s enemy from that time on.cc

30The Philistine commanders would go out to fightdd and whenever they did, David was more successful than any of Saul’s other leaders.ee His name was held in high esteem.

a 18:1 Lit. Jonathan’s soul was knit with David’s soul
b 18:1 Lit. he
c 18:2 Lit. him
d 18:5 Or pleased all the people
e 18:5 Or servants
f 18:8 The Heb. lacks to himself
g 18:9 Or eyed David with suspicion
h 18:10 Lit. playing with his hand
i 18:10 Or prophesy
j 18:11 Lit. saying
k 18:13 Lit. him
l 18:13 Lit. over a thousand
m 18:13 Lit. went out and came in before the people (i.e. the soldiers)
n 18:15 Lit. he
o 18:16 Lit. went out and came in before them
p 18:17 The Heb. lacks to himself
q 18:17 Lit. Let not my hand be against him
r 18:17 Lit. let the hand of the Philistines be against him
s 18:20 Lit. the matter was straight in his eyes
t 18:21 The Heb. lacks to himself
u 18:21 Lit. so the hand of the Philistines will be against him
v 18:22 Or servants
w 18:22 Or servants
x 18:23 Or servants
y 18:23 Lit. spoke these words in the ears of David
z 18:23 Lit. David
aa 18:24 Or servants
bb 18:26 Or servants
cc 18:29 Lit. all the days
dd 18:30 The Heb. lacks to fight
ee 18:30 Or servants

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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