1 Samuel 25
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

The Death of Samuel

1Samuel died and all Israel assembled to mourn for him. They buried him at his home in Ramah.

David, Nabal, and Abigail

David got up and went down to the Wilderness of Paran.a 2Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmel of Judah,b and the man was very rich. He had 3,000 sheep and 1,000 goats, and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3The man’s name was Nabal and his wife’s name was Abigail. The woman was intelligent and beautiful, while the man was harsh and wicked in his dealings. He was a descendant of Caleb.

4While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep. 5David sent ten young men, saying to the young men, “Go up to Carmel, find Nabal, and greet him in my name. 6Then say, ‘May you live long. Peace to you, peace to your family, and peace to all that you have. 7Now, I’ve heard that the sheep shearers are with you. Now, your shepherds have been with us. We didn’t harm them, and they didn’t miss anything all the time they were in Carmel. 8Ask your young men and they’ll tell you. Therefore let myc young men find favor with you since we came on a speciald day. Please give whatever you have available to your servants and to your son David.’”

9David’s young men came to Nabal and told him all thise in David’s name, and then they waited. 10Nabal answered David’s servants: “Who is David? Who is this son of Jesse? There are many servants today who are breaking away from their masters. 11Should I take my food, my water, and my meat that I’ve slaughtered for my shearers and give it to men who came from who knows where?”f

12David’s men turned and went ong their way. They came back and told Davidh everything. 13David told his men, “Put on your swords.” They put on their swords, and David put on his sword. Then about 400 men followed David, while 200 stayed with the supplies.

Abigail Intercedes with David

14Now, one of the young men told Nabal’s wife Abigail: “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greeti our lord, but he screamed insults at them. 15The men were very good to us. They didn’t harm us, and we didn’t miss anything all the time we moved around with them when we were in the field. 16They were a wall around us both day and night, all the time we were with them taking care of the sheep. 17Now, be aware of thisj and consider what you should do. Calamity is being planned against our master and against his entire household. He’s such a worthless personk that no one can talk to him.”

18Abigail quickly took 200 loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five butchered sheep, five measures of roasted grain, 100 bunches of raisins, and 200 fig cakes and loaded them on donkeys. 19She told her young men, “Go ahead of me, I’ll be coming right behind you.” But she said nothing to her husband Nabal. 20She was riding on the donkey and as she went down a protected partl of the mountain, David was there with his men, coming down to meet her, and she went toward them.

21Now David had said, “Surely it was for nothing that I protected everything that belonged to this man in the wilderness, and nothing was missing of all that belonged to him. But he has repaid mem with evil for good! 22May the LORD do this to the enemies of Davidn —and more also—if by the morning I’ve left alive a single maleo of all those who belong to him.”

23When Abigail saw David, she quickly got down from the donkey and fell on her face before David, prostrating herself on the ground. 24She fell at his feet and pleaded, “Your majesty, let the guilt be on me alone, and please let your servantp speak to you.q Listen to the words of your servant.r 25Please, your majesty, don’t pay attention to this worthless man Nabal, for he’s just like his name. Nabals is his name and folly is his constant companion. But I, your servant,t didn’t see your majesty’s young men whom you sent. 26Now, your majesty, as the LORD lives and as you live, the LORD has kept you from shedding bloodu and from delivering yourself by your own actions. Now, may your enemies and those seeking to do evil to your majesty be like Nabal. 27Now let this present that your servantv has brought to your majesty be given to the young men who followw your majesty. 28Please forgive the offense of your servant.x For the LORD will certainly make a strong dynasty for your majesty, for your majesty is fighting the LORD’s battles. May evil not be found in you for all of your life.y 29If anyone should arise to pursue you and seek your life, may the life of your majesty be bound up with the LORD your God in a bundle of the living, and may he sling out the lives of your enemies from the pocket of a sling. 30When the LORD does for your majesty all the good that he promised concerning you and appoints you Commander-in-Chiefz over Israel, 31this shouldn’t be an obstacle or stumbling block for your majesty’s conscience, that he poured out blood without cause or that your majesty delivered himself. When the LORD does good things for your majesty, remember your servant.”aa

32David told Abigail, “Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who sent you to meet me today. 33Blessed be your good judgment, and blessed be you, who today stopped me from shedding bloodbb and delivering myself by my own actions. 34For as surely as the LORD God of Israel lives, the one who restrained me from harming you—indeed, had you not quickly come to meet me, by dawncc there wouldn’t be a single maledd left to Nabal.”

35David took from her what she had brought him and told her, “Go up to your house in peace. Look, I’ve heard your request and will grant it.”

Nabal’s Death

36Abigail returned to Nabal, and he was there in his house holding a festival like the festival of a king. Nabal’s heart was glad, and he was very drunk, so she didn’t tell him anything at allee until morning. 37After Nabal became sober the next morning,ff his wife told him all that had happened.gg Nabal’shh heart failed and he became paralyzed.ii 38About ten days later the LORD struck Nabal, and he died.

39When David heard that Nabal had died, he said, “Blessed be the LORD who has judged the dispute over my insult at the hand of Nabal, and has held back his servant from evil. The LORD has repaid Nabal’s wickedness.”

Then David sent word to Abigail that he would take her as his wife. 40David’s servants went to Abigail at Carmel and told her, “David sent us to you to take you to him as his wife.”

41She got up, prostrated herself face down on the ground, and replied, “Your servant would be a slave to wash the feet of your majesty’s servants.” 42Then Abigail quickly got up and got on a donkey, with five young women walking behind her.jj She followed David’s messengers, and she became his wife. 43David also married Ahinoam of Jezreel, and both of them became his wives. 44Meanwhile, Saul had given his daughter Michal, David’s wife, to Laish’s son Palti from Gallim.

a 25:1 LXX reads Maoch
b 25:2 The Heb. lacks of Judah
c 25:8 Lit. the
d 25:8 Lit. good
e 25:9 Lit. according to all these words
f 25:11 Lit. men whom I don’t know where they’re from
g 25:12 Lit. turned to
h 25:12 Lit. him
i 25:14 Lit. bless
j 25:17 Lit. Know
k 25:17 Lit. a son of Belial; i.e. a worthless person
l 25:20 Or a hidden part
m 25:21 Lit. returned to me
n 25:22 LXX reads to David
o 25:22 Lit. single one who urinates on a wall
p 25:24 Lit. maidservant
q 25:24 Lit. speak in your ear
r 25:24 Lit. maidservant
s 25:25:00Nabal means fool in Heb.
t 25:25 Lit. maidservant
u 25:26 Lit. coming with blood
v 25:27 Lit. maidservant
w 25:27 Lit. who are walking at the feet of
x 25:28 Lit. maidservant
y 25:28 Lit. all the days
z 25:30 Lit. Nagid; i.e. a senior officer entrusted with dual roles of operational oversight and administrative authority
aa 25:31 Lit. maidservant
bb 25:33 Lit. from coming with blood
cc 25:34 Lit. the light of the morning
dd 25:34 Lit. one who urinates on a wall
ee 25:36 Lit. anything great or small
ff 25:37 Lit. When the wine had gone out of Nabal
gg 25:37 Lit. all these things
hh 25:37 Lit. His
ii 25:37 Lit. became like a stone
jj 25:42 Lit. walking at her feet; i.e. as her attendants

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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