Judges 9
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Abimelech Attempts to Become King

1Then Jerubbaal’s son Abimelech went to his mother’s relatives in Shechem. He spoke to the entire family of his mother’s father, telling them, 2“Ask all the “lords”a of Shechem, ‘What’s better for you? That 70 men, each of them Jerubbaal’s sons, rule over you? Or that one man rule over you?’ Keep in mind that I’m like your own close relative.”b

3So his mother’s relatives spoke all of this on his behalf in the presencec of all the “lords” of Shechem. Since they were inclined to follow Abimelech, they said, “He’s our relative!” 4and they gave him 70 silver coins from the temple that they had built tod Baal-berith. Abimelech hired some worthless and useless men, who followed him 5to his father’s house in Ophrah. There he murdered his own brothers, Jerubbaal’s sons—all 70 of them—in one place.e But Jerubbaal’s youngest son Jotham survived by hiding himself.

6All the men from Shechem and Beth-millof gathered together and set up Abimelech as king near the pillar erectedg in Shechem. 7When Jotham was informed about this, he went out, took his stand on top of Mount Gerizim, and cried out loudly, “Listen to me, you “lords” of Shechem, and God will listen to you.

8“Once upon a timeh the trees went out

to consecratei a king for themselves.

“So they told the olive tree,

‘Reign over us!’

9But the olive tree asked them,

‘Should I stop producing my rich oils

by which both God and men are honored

and go take dominion over trees?’

10“So the trees told the fig tree,

‘Hey you! Come and reign over us!’

11But the fig tree asked them,

‘Should I leave my sweet, good fruit

and go take dominion over trees?’

12“So the trees told the grape vine,

‘Hey you! Come and reign over us!’

13But the grape vine asked them,

‘Should I leave my new wine,

which cheers God and man,

and go take dominion over trees?’

14“So all the trees told the bramble bush,

‘Hey you! Come and reign over us!’

15Then the bramble bush replied to the trees,

‘If you really are consecratingj me to rule you,

come and put your confidence in my shade;

but if not, may fire spring out from the bramble bush

and burn up the cedarsk of Lebanon…’

16“Now then, if you have been acting in good faith and integrity by making a king out of Abimelech, if you have treated Jerubbaal and his household appropriately by acting toward him as he deservedl17because my father fought on your behalf, throwing away all concern for his own life, and delivered you from Midian’s domination.

18“But now as for you, you’ve rebelled against my father’s house today. You’ve murdered his sons—70 men—in one place,m and you’ve installed Abimelech, the son of his mistress, as king to rule over the “lords” of Shechem, since he’s related to you. 19So if you’ve acted in good faith and integrity toward Jerubbaal and his household today, then you’re welcome ton Abimelech, and he’s welcome too you… 20But if not, may fire spring out from Abimelech and consume the “lords” of Shechem and Beth-millo, and may fire spring out from the “lords” of Shechem and Beth-millo to consume Abimelech.” 21Then Jotham escaped by running away. He went to Beer and remained there because of his brother Abimelech.

The Destruction of Shechem

22Abimelech dominated Israel for three years. 23Then God sent an evil spirit to divide Abimelech and the “lords” of Shechem 24so that the violence committed against the 70 sons of Jerubbaal might come back on their brother Abimelech, who murdered them, and so it might come back on the “lords” of Shechem, who provoked him to murder his brothers. 25The “lords” of Shechem sent out men to ambush him on the mountain tops, and they robbed everyone who came by them along the roads, and this was reported to Abimelech.

26Meanwhile, Ebed’s son Gaal arrived with his relatives and crossed over into Shechem. The “lords” of Shechem put their faith in him. 27They went out into the fields, harvested their vineyards, made some wine, and threw a party. Then they went into the temple of their god, ate, drank, and cursed Abimelech.

28Then Ebed’s son Gaal remarked, “Who is this Abimelech? And who is Shechem? Should we serve him? Isn’t he Jerubbaal’s son? Isn’t Zebul his lieutenant? Serve the men of Hamor, Shechem’s ancestor—but why are we serving him? 29If only authority over this people were given to me. Then I would remove Abimelech!” Then he challenged Abimelech: “Build up your army and then come out and fight!”

30When Zebul, the ruler of the city, heard what Ebed’s son Gaal had said, he flew into a rage. 31He sent messengers to Abimelech in secretp and told him, “Look out! Ebed’s son Gaal and his family have arrived here in Shechem. Watch out! They’re stirring up the city against you. 32So get up at night, take your soldiers with you, and wait in ambush out in the field. 33Tomorrow morning when the sun is up, get up early and attack the city. When Gaalq and his army come out to fight you, do whatever you can to them.”

34So Abimelech and his entire army got up that night and waited in ambush against Shechem in four separate companies.

35Ebed’s son Gaal went out and stood in the entrance to the city gate while Abimelech and his army were creeping out of their ambush. 36When Gaal saw the army, he observed to Zebul, “Look there! People are coming down from the top of the mountains.”

But Zebul replied to him, “You’re looking at morning shadows cast by the mountains. They just lookr like men to you.”

37Gaal spoke up again to say, “Look! People are coming down from the highest part of the land, and there’s a company approaching from the diviner’s oak tree.”s

38So Zebul replied, “Right... So where’s your boasting now? You said, ‘Who is Abimelech? Should we serve him?’ Isn’t this the army that you insulted? So go out right now and fight them!”

39So Gaal went out in full view of the “lords” of Shechem and fought Abimelech. 40Abimelech chased him, and Gaal ran away from him. Many fell wounded right up to the entrance to the city gate. 41Afterwards, Abimelech remained at Arumah, but Zebul expelled Gaal and his family so they couldn’t remain in Shechem.

42The next day, the people went out to the field, and Abimelech learned about it. 43So he took his army, divided it into three separate companies, and laid in ambush out in the field. When Abimelecht noticed the people coming out from the city, hisu army attacked them and killed them. 44Then Abimelech and the soldiers who were with him rushed forward and commandeered the entrance to the city gate while the other two companies ran out to kill everyone who was in the field. 45Abimelech fought against the city all that day, captured the city, killed the people in it, then tore the city to the ground and sowed it with salt.

46When all the “lords” at the tower of Shechem heard what had happened, they retreated into the inner chamber of the temple of El-berith. 47Abimilech was told that all of the “lords” of the Shechem Tower had assembled there. 48So hev went up to Mount Zalmon, accompanied by his entire army. Abimelech had an axe in his hand, so he cut down a branch from a tree, lifted it up, and laid it on his shoulder. Then he told the army that had accompaniedw him, “You’ve seen what I just did. Hurry up! Do the same thing!”

49Then his entire army also cut down a branch for each soldier, followed Abimelech to the inner chamber, and set fire to itx while they were inside. As a result, all the men of the tower of Shechem died, including about a thousand men and women.

The Death of Abimelech

50Later on, Abimelech went to Thebez, set up a siege encampment there, and captured it. 51But there was a fortified tower in the center of the city, and all the men, women, and leaders of the city escaped to it, shut themselves in, and went up to the roof of the tower. 52So Abimelech approached the tower, attacked it, and approached the tower’s gate, intendingy to burn it down. 53But a certain woman threw an upper millstone down on Abimelech’s head, fracturing his skull.

54So he cried out to his young armor bearer and ordered him, “Draw your sword and kill me, so no one will say about me that ‘A woman killed him.’” So the young man pierced him through, and he died. 55When the men of Israel noticed that Abimelech was dead, they each left for home.z 56That’s how God repaid Abimelech for the evil thing he did to his father by killing his 70 brothers. 57God also repaidaa the men of Shechem for their wickedness, and the curse of Jerubbaal’s son Jotham came true for them.

a 9:2 Lit. baals; i.e. the leaders—a pun contrasting the Heb. word lords with Baal, the chief male Canaanite deity; and so through v. 47
b 9:2 Lit. your skin and flesh
c 9:3 Lit. hearing
d 9:4 Lit. temple of
e 9:5 Lit. them—on one stone
f 9:6 Or and from the household of Rampart; and so throughout the chapter
g 9:6 i.e. a cultic object of worship
h 9:8 The Heb. lacks Once upon a time
i 9:8 Or anoint
j 9:15 Or anointing
k 9:15 i.e. a genus of coniferous evergreen in the family Pinaceae; and so throughout the book
l 9:16 Lit. as his hands acted
m 9:18 Lit. men—on one stone
n 9:19 Lit. then rejoice in
o 9:19 Lit. and let him rejoice in
p 9:31 Or in Tormah
q 9:33 Lit. he
r 9:36 Lit. mountains. You are seeing
s 9:37 Or from Elon-meonenim
t 9:43 Lit. he
u 9:43 Lit. the
v 9:48 Lit. Abimelech
w 9:48 The Heb. lacks had accompanied
x 9:49 Lit. set the inner chamber
y 9:52 The Heb. lacks intending
z 9:55 Lit. each man left to his place
aa 9:57 Lit. repaid on the heads of

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

Bible Hub
Judges 8
Top of Page
Top of Page