Index of Subjects.
* * * * *



Abrahamic covenant,
the ground work of the Pentateuch, 225;
of the gospel, 116, seq.

Adam, his apostasy the key to the plan of redemption, 115.

Accentuation, Hebrew system of, 265.

Acknowledged epistles, 91, seq.

Accommodation, principle of, 635.

Acts of the Apostles,
a natural sequel to the Gospels, 87;
external testimonies to the book, 88;
internal evidences, 89;
its credibility, 90;
coincidences with the Pauline epistles, 90;
its plan and divisions, 440;
its offices, 442, seq.

Ahasuerus, the Xerxes of history, 261.

Alamoth, 288.

Alexander the Great, his visit to Jerusalem, 263, 325.

Alexandria, the Septuagint version made here, 199.

Alexandrine Jews, their use of the Greek language, 369.

Alexandrine manuscript, 385.

Allegorical applications of Scripture, 553.

Allegories; their interpretation, 558, seq.

of incense, 589;
of burnt-offering, 590.

Al-taschith, 288.

Ammonian sections, 375.

Amos, 336;
book of, 336, seq.

Analogy of faith, 576, seq.

Antilegomena, 91, 96, seq.

Antioch in Pisidia, 442.

Antioch in Syria, the centre of Paul's missionary labors, 441, 442, 449.

meaning of the term, 503;
its apostolic authorship, 503;
its date, 506;
various schemes of interpretation, 507;
symbolic import of its numbers, 508, seq.

Apocrypha, meaning of the word, 350.

Apocryphal books of the Old Testament, 198, 350, seq.; uncertainty of their dates, 350;
none of them exist in Hebrew or were received into the Hebrew canon, 350; received by the Alexandrine Jews, 351;
estimation by the early Christians and by Protestants, 351.

Apocryphal Gospels and Acts, 517.

Apostolic canons, so-called, 514.

Apostolic epistles,
a natural sequel to the Gospels, 445;
their occasions and offices, 445, seq.

Apostolic men, 109;
their writings, 483.

Apostolic fathers, 511, seq.

their peculiar office, 103;
their inspiration, 104, seq.

Apostle's Creed, 517.

Aquila and his version, 204.

Aramaean or Aramaic and its branches, 175;
became the language of the Jews after the captivity, 177, 369.

Ark of the covenant, 588.

Aristeas' account of the Septuagint version, 199.

Aristobulus' account of the same, 199.

Armenian version, 409.

Artaxerxes, 261;
Artaxerxes Longimanus, 261, 349.

Assyrian or square character, 172, 175.

Atonement, great day of, 603.

Authenticity of the Gospels, 66, seq.;
of the Pentateuch, 120, seq.
See further under the several books.

Autographs of the sacred writers, their early disappearance, 61, 209.


Babylon, church in, 492.

Babylonish captivity, 255.

Barnabas, his relation to Mark, 427.

Barnabas, so-called Epistle of, 46, 100, 516.

Baruch, apocryphal book of, 358.

Bashmuric version, 407.

Belshazzar, identification of, 327.

Berosus' account of Nebuchadnezzar, 328.

Beza's, or the Cambridge manuscript, 387.

Bible, meaning of the word, 165;
variety of its authors and dates of its books, 168, 372, seq.; their arrangement, 169, seq., 371, seq.;
different designations of, 165, seq.;
its code of morals, 150, seq.;
harmony of its parts, 152, 154;
its power over the conscience and life, 154.

Blood, sacrificial, the atonement lay in it, 597;
sprinkling of, 601, 603;
when carried into the sanctuary, 604.

Books of the New Testament, public reading of, 63.
See further under New Testament and the several books.

Books of the Old Testament.
See under Bible and Old Testament.

Branch as a designation of the Messiah, 590.

Briefs, 377.

Burning of sacrifices, signification of, 602;
without the camp, 605.

Burnt-offerings, 598.


Cambyses, 261.

Canaanites, their extirpation, 140, 244.

Candlestick, golden, 589.

Canon, meaning of the word, 183;
its extent, 112.

Canon of the New Testament, its gradual formation, 394, seq.; first recognition of a canon, 398;
the books received separately and on full evidence, 399; completion of the present canon, 398;
important ancient canons, 398.

Canon of the Old Testament, settled by Ezra, 123, 193, seq.; principle of its settlement, 147;
Josephus' account of, 197;
Origen's and Jerome's, 197;
canon of the Pentateuch, 183, seq.;
of the historical books, 185, seq.;
of the prophetical and poetic books, 190, seq.

Canticles, 292.

Chaldaisms, 307.

Chaldee language, parts of the Old Testament written in it, 175. See further under Targums.

Chapters, origin of, 174, 377.

Cherubim over the ark, God's dwelling-place, 588.

Christ, his person and advent the central point of Christianity, 32, 411; his character verifies itself, 71, seq.;
manner of his teaching, 77, seq.;
manner in which he manifested his deity, 79, seq.;
his infallibility an axiom of Christianity, 102;
preparation for his advent, 114;
union of the kingly and priestly offices in his person, 590; question of his second advent and personal reign on earth, 629, seq..

Christian church, inauguration of, 443.

Christianity, its historic basis, 31, 410.

Chronicles, books of, originally one 255,;
meaning of the name, 255;
their characteristics, 256;
their place in the Hebrew canon, 257;
difficulties connected with them, 257, seq..

Chronology, of the Old Testament, 230;
of the book of Judges, 247;
of the books of Kings, 255;
of the book of Ezra, 260.

Church lessons, 378.

Clean and unclean, Mosaic distinctions of, 605.

Clement of Alexandria, 40.
See further under various New Testament books.

Clement of Rome,
first epistle of, 100, 511, seq.;
its occasion, scope, and style, 512;
its reference to the Epistle to the Hebrews, 483;
second Epistle of, not genuine, 512;
so-called Clementines, or Recognitions of Clement, 513; so-called Constitutions of Clement, and apostolic canons, 514.

Codex Vaticanus, 384;
Sinaiticus, 385;
Alexandrinus, 385, seq.;
Ephraemi, 386;
Dublinensis, 387;
Bezae, 387;
Purpureus, 388.
See further on pages 402, 404.

Colosse and church of the Colossians, 463.

Colossians, epistle to the,
its relation to the epistle to the Ephesians, 461;
its occasion, scope, and plan, 464.

Comparisons, 552.

Context, definition of, 531;
its importance, 531.

Continuous writing, 172, 373.

Contradictions, apparent, reconciliation of, 543.

Coptic version, 407.

Corinth and the Corinthian church, 454.

Corinthians, first epistle to the,
date and place of writing, 453:
occasion and scope, 454;
contents, 455;
contrast with the epistle to the Galatians, 456.

Corinthians, second epistle to the,
date and place of writing, 456;
occasion, contents, and peculiar character, 457.

Cornelius, 441.

Councils, general, their later introduction, 41, 97.

Council of Laodicea, its canon, 399.

Credibility of the gospels. See gospel narratives.

Crete and the Cretan churches, 480.

Criticism of the sacred text,
its office, 209;
of the Old Testament text, its sources, manuscripts, 209; ancient versions, 210;
primary editions, 210;
parallel passages, 211;
quotations in the New Testament, 211, 632, seq.;
criticism of the New Testament text, its state, 380, seq.; various readings, 381;
materials for correction, 383;
manuscripts, 384, seq.;
primary editions, 388;
the received text, 389, seq.;
principles of textual criticism, 391, seq.

Cursive manuscripts, 60, 375, 388.

Cyrus, signification of the name, 306
his decree for liberating the Jews, 306


Damasus, his agency with respect to the vulgate, 402.

Daniel, 322.

Daniel, book of,
its place in the Jewish canon, 322;
arrangement and contents, 323;
genuineness, 324, seq.;
unity, 324;
testimonies to it, Josephus, 325;
the Saviour, 325, seq.;
its language, 326, 329;
difficulties connected with its chronology and history, 327; its supernatural contents, 330.

Daniel, apocryphal additions to, 359.

Danites, their conquest of Laish, 243, 245.

Darius Hystaspes, 261, 345.

Darius the Median, 328.

David, 249, seq.;
typical character of his kingdom and office, 582.

Deluge, 229.

Demetrius Phalerens, his agency in the Septuagint version, 201.

Deuteronomy, book of,
meaning of the name, 238;
its authorship, 124, seq.;
its relation to the earlier parts of the law, 127;
design, 128;
peculiar character, 129;
contents, 238, seq.

Diatesseron of Tatian, 50.

treatment of, 34, 85;
of the Mosaic economy, 138, 571;
of the book of Genesis, 229, seq.

Diognetus, epistle to, 45.

Disputed books. See Antilegomena.

Double sense,
question of, 618, seq.;
in the historic types, 618;
in the Messianic Psalms, 619.

Dublin manuscript, 387.


Ebionites, their gospel, 422.

Ecclesiastes, book of, 290, seq.

Ecclesiasticus, apocryphal book of, 357.

Elihu, 283.

Egypt, the sojourn in, 233.

Eleazar, martyrdom of, 361.

Enoch, apocryphal book of, 501.

Ephesus and the Ephesian church, 465, 479.

Ephesians, Epistle to the, 462, 465, seq.;
its relation to the epistle to the Colossians, 462; occasion and general character, 466;
address and authorship, 466;
contents and divisions, 467, seq.

Ephraem manuscript, 386.

apostolic, 445;
Pauline, 446.
See further under the several epistles.

Esdras, apocryphal books of, 352.

Esther, book of, 263.

Esther, apocryphal additions to, 355.

Ethiopian version, 408.

Eusebius, account of the New Testament canon, 398.
See further under the various New Testament books.

Eusebian canons, 376.

Euthalius and stichometry, 374.

Evidences of Christianity, internal and experimental, 149, seq. For the historic see gospel narratives, Pentateuch, etc.

meaning of the word, 232;
unity, divisions, and contents of the book, 232;
time of the sojourn in Egypt, 233.

Exegesis defined, 521.

inept, 540;
incompatible, 541;
forced, 544.

his office, 521;
qualifications, 522, seq.

Ezekiel, 316, seq.

Ezekiel, book of, 320, seq.

his work in the restoration, 258;
in settling the Hebrew canon, 123, 147.

Ezra, book of, 258;
its chronology, 260.


Fables, distinguished from parables, 554.

Figurative language, 546;
its ascertainment, 547, seq.;
its interpretation, 557, seq.

Figures, different kinds of, 550, seq.


Galatia and the Galatian church, 458.

Galatians, Epistle to the,
date and place of writing, 458;
occasion and scope, 459;
contents and divisions, 460, seq.

Genesis, book of,
meaning of the word, 224;
its relation to the following books, 130;
authorship, 132, 227;
introductory office, 225;
divisions, 226, seq.;
contents and difficulties, 227, seq.

Gentiles, their reception of the gospel, and introduction to the church, 443, 447.

Genuineness. See under the several divisions and books of the Bible.

Gittith, 287.

Gnosticism, 477.

Gospel, meaning and different uses of the word, 411.

Gospel of the Ebionites, 422.

relation to each other, 417;
chronology, 419;
relative size of, 420.

Gospels, synoptical, 50;
their earlier composition, 51;
their agreements, 412;
differences, 413;
theories of their origin, that of mutual dependence, 413; of an original document, 413;
of apostolic tradition, 414, seq.;
their incomplete character, 417;
relation to the fourth gospel, 419.

Gospels, the several. See under the head of each.

Gospel narratives,
their genuineness, 36, seq.;
written successively at intervals, 37;
earlier histories of our Lord, 37;
external evidences considered, 38, seq.;
internal, 50, seq.;
their uncorrupt preservation, 59, seq.;
their authenticity and credibility, character of the writers, 67, seq.; of the works recorded, 68;
certainty of our Lord's resurrection, 70;
the character of Jesus verifies itself, 71, seq.;
supernatural character of the facts recorded in the gospels, 84; objections considered, 85.

Gospel harmonies, 419.

Gothic version, 408.

Greek of the New Testament, its peculiar character, 57, 368 its adaptation to the wants of the New Testament writers, 366; its introduction into Asia and Egypt, 367.


Habakkuk, book of, 342.

Haggai, book of, 345.

Hagiographa, 169;
Targums on the, 208.

Haman, 263.

Haphtaroth, 173.

Harmony between the Old and New Testament,
in spirit, 568, seq.;
in doctrine, 570.

Harmonies of the gospels, 419, 537.

Heave-offerings, 601.

Hebrew alphabet, 176;
vowel points and accents, 178.

Hebrew commonwealth,
its establishment under Joshua, 241;
its condition under the Judges, 245;
the Kings, 249, 253;
at the restoration, 256, 258, 261.

Hebrew language, 175, 366;
its disuse after the captivity, 177, 367;
succeeded by the Aramaean, 367.

Hebrew text,
Jewish divisions of, 173;
manuscripts, 189.

Hebrews, Epistle to the, 482;
question of its authorship, 482;
date, and persons addressed, 484;
its central theme, 485.

Hellenistic Jews, 368.

Hermas, Shepherd of, 100, 517.

Hermeneutics defined, 521.

Heretics, their testimony to the gospels, 48, seq.

Hexapla of Origen, 205.

Hexaplar, Syriac version, 406.

Historical books of the Old Testament, 240, seq.;
of the New Testament, 410, seq.

Historical types, 581, seq.

Holocausts, or burnt-offerings, 598.

Homologoumena, 91.

Hosea, book of, 333.

Hugo, Cardinal, divides the Bible into chapters, 174, 377.


Ignatius and his testimony, 46;
his epistles, 514.

Infidelity, its fragmentary method of argument, 34.

Inspiration of the New Testament,
the term defined, 101,
tests of, 102, seq.;
in what sense plenary, question of its limitation, 111; inspiration of the Old Testament books, 134, 142, 148, 195, seq., 215, etc.

its human and divine sides, 526;
of figurative language, 527, seq.

his office, 521;
qualifications, 522, seq.

Irenaeus and his testimony, 39. See further under the several books.

Isaiah, his age and prophetical activity, 299.

Isaiah, book of,
its two main parts, 299;
contents and divisions of the first part, 299, seq.; the second part, 302;
its genuineness, 303, seq.;
its form that of true prophecy, 305.


James the apostle, and James the Lord's brother, question respecting, 487.

James, Epistle of,
its author, date, and place of writing, 488;
genuineness and reception into the canon, 489, seq.; practical character, 490;
alleged disagreement with the Pauline doctrine of justification, 491.

Jasher, book of, 243.

Jason, his five books, 360.

Jeremiah, sketch of his life, 310.

Jeremiah, book of, 309, seq.;
general character of his prophecies, 312;
their arrangement, 313;
arrangement of the Alexandrine version, 314.

Jeremiah, apocryphal epistle of, 358.

Jeroboam, his sinful policy and its results, 254.

his account of the Old Testament canon, 197;
of the New Testament canon, 399;
revision of the Latin Bible, 400, seq.
See further under the several books of the New Testament.

Jerusalem, the first centre of Christianity, 440.

Jerusalem Targum, 207.

Jesus. See Christ.

their preparation for Christ's advent, 114;
their institutions typical of Christ as well as preparatory, 146.

Job, book of,
its plan, 280;
design, 282;
age of Job and of the book, 283;
question of its authorship, 283;
its historic character, 284.

Joel, book of, 334.

John the apostle, notices of, 436, seq.

John's gospel,
its later composition, 53; 437;
sources, 438;
peculiarity in respect to matter, 438, seq.;
general scope and special office, 418, 439.

John's epistles,
the first epistle, 93, 497, seq.;
the second and third, 500.

John the Presbyter, 503.

Jonah, book of, 338.

Jonathan, Targum of, 207.

his account of the Old Testament canon, 195, 197;
testimony to the book of Daniel, 325;
account of the feast of Purim, 263.

Joshua, book of,
its office and contents, 241;
age and authorship, 243;
authenticity and credibility, 244.

Joshua the high-priest, as a type of Christ, 590.

Judaizing teachers, 448;
in Galatia, 459;
among the Colossians, 463;
of the Pastoral Epistles, 477.

Jude, Epistle of, 501, seq.

Judges of the Old Testament, their character and office, 245.

Judges, book of, 245, seq.;
its chronology, 247.


Kephalaia, 375.

Keys of the kingdom of heaven, 575.

Kingdom of Israel,
its establishment, 249;
division, 254;
extinction of the kingdom of the ten tribes, 254.

Kingdom of Judah,
its origin, 254;
its extinction, 255.

Kingly office, typical of Christ, 118, 249, 582.

Kings, books of,
originally one, 252,
their contents and office, 252;
chronology, 255.


Lamentations of Jeremiah, 314;
peculiar structure of the book, 315.

Laodiceans, epistle to the, 465.

Last days, meaning of the term, 608;
prophecies concerning, 611, seq.

Law. See Pentateuch.

Lectionaries, 378.

Leviticus, book of,
meaning of the word, 235;
its contents, 235, seq.

Limitations in the interpretation of languages, 542.

Luke the Evangelist,
his origin and relation to Paul, 431;
his sources of information, 432;
his identity with the author of the Acts of the Apostles, 440.

Luke's gospel,
its date, 432;
plan and character, 433;
peculiar matter, 434;
its integrity, 435;
its genealogy of our Lord, 433, 435.

Lyons and Vienne, letter of the churches of, 40, 88, 503.


Maccabees, family of, 359;
origin of the name, 360.

Maccabees, apocryphal books of, 360, seq.

Malachi, book of, 348.

Manasses, apocryphal prayer of, 359.

Manuscripts, ancient mode of writing, 60, 172, 373, 382.

Manuscripts of the Old Testament,
their age and form, 180;
synagogue rolls, 181.

Manuscripts of the New Testament,
their early multiplication, 64;
noted manuscripts, Vatican, 384;
Sinai, 385;
Alexandrine, 385, seq.;
Ephraem, 386,
Dublin palimpsest, 387;
Beza's, 387, seq.;
purple, 388;
cursive manuscripts, 388.

Manuscripts of the old Latin, 402;
of the vulgate, 404.

Manuscript of the Gothic version called the Silver manuscript, 408.

Marcion and his gospel, 49, 435.

Mark the Evangelist,
notices of, 427;
his relation to Peter and Paul, 427, seq.;
in what sense he was Peter's interpreter, 428.

Mark's gospel,
place, time of writing, and language, 428;
its design, 429;
its peculiarities, 430;
question respecting its closing passage, 430, seq.

Maschil, 287.

Masora and Masoretic text, 178, seq.

Mattathias, 359.

Matthew the Evangelist, 420.

Matthew's gospel,
its original language, 421;
present Greek form, 422;
primary design, 424;
characteristics, 425;
chronology, 426;
place and time of writing, 426;
integrity, 426;
its genealogy of our Lord, 424, 435.

Meat-offerings, 600.

Melchizedek, his person and typical character, 583.

Memphitic version, 407.

Messiah. See Christ.

Messianic Psalms, different principles of interpretation, that of exclusive reference to Christ, 620;
that of an ideal personage, 620, seq.;
the typical view, 621.

Metaphor, 551.

Metonymy, 551.

Micah, book of, 340.

Michtam, 287.

Mosaic economy,
Christ its end, 118;
its preparatory character, 138;
objections to it considered, 138, 571;
its spirit was love, 139, seq.

Mottoes, remarks respecting, 533

Muratorian canon, 48, 89, 93, 398, etc.

Myths, remarks concerning, 556, 560.


Nahum, Prophecy of, 341.

Nathan's writings, 251.

Nazarenes, their gospel, 422.

Nebuchadnezzar, his expeditions to Judea, 327.

Neginah and Neginoth, 287.

Nehemiah, his work in the restoration, 261.

Nehemiah, book of, 261, seq.

Nehiloth, 287.

New Jerusalem of Ezekiel's vision, 321, 627.

Nineveh. See Nahum.

Nitrian desert, Syriac manuscripts from, 405.

Numbers, book of, 237.

Numbers, symbolical, 508, 564, 610.


Obadiah, Prophecy of, 338.

Oblations, or unbloody offerings, 600.

Old Latin. See versions, Latin.

Onkelos, Targum of, 206.

his account of the Old Testament canon, 197;
of the New Testament canon, 398;
his Hexapla, 205.
See further under the several New Testament books.


Paley's Horae Paulinae, 94.

Palimpsests, 60, 384;
examples of, 386.

Pantaenus, 40.

Papias, 44. See also under the several books of the New Testament.

Papyrus, 59; rolls of, 384.

Parables, 553;
their interpretation, 560, seq.

Paragraph Bibles, 378.

Parallelisms, 211, 534;
real and verbal, 534;
doctrinal and historic, 535, seq.

Parallelisms, poetic, 274, seq.

Parchments, 59, seq.

Parshiyoth, 173.

Particular Introduction, its province 214.

Passover, its sacrificial and typical character, 599.

Pastoral epistles, 92;
their place in Paul's history, 475, seq.;
character of the false teachers described in them, 477; their genuineness and peculial tone, 478

Paul, the apostle of the Gentiles,
and his peculiar qualifications, 447;
his style, 448;
three missionary journeys, 449.

Pauline epistles, 446;
commentaries on them, 449;
their connection with Paul's history contained in the Acts, 449; principle of their arrangement, and groups into which they fall, 450.

meaning of the term, 120;
its admitted existence from Ezra's time, 120;
its authorship, 120, seq.;
relation of Deuteronomy to the preceding books, 126, 239; of Genesis to the following, 130, 225; unity of its plan, 132, 224; its authenticity, 134, seq.;
the Jewish polity presupposes it, 135;
difficulties connected with it, 137, seq.;
its preparatory office, 141;
constitutes a Jewish division of the Old Testament, 169.

Personal reign of Christ, question concerning the, 629, seq.

Personification, 551.

Peshito. See Syriac versions.

his leadership among the apostles, 441;
in what sense a rock, 575.

Peter, first epistle of, 491.

Peter, second epistle of, 493;
question of its genuineness, 494, seq.;
its design, 497.

Philemon, Epistle to, 469.

Philoxenian. See Syriac versions.

Philippi and the Philippian church, 469.

Philippians, Epistle to the,
date, occasion, and place of writing, 469;
contents and peculiar character, 470.

Phoenician language, 175.

Plan of redemption,
its unity and progress, 614;
its foreshadowings, 616;
its end, 617.

Poetry, Hebrew,
its characteristics, 266, seq.;
its outward form, 274, seq.;
its diction, 278;
its offices, 279.

Poetical books, so-called Hebrew, 169, 265.

Polycarp, 46.

Polycarp, epistle of, 515.

Pothinus, 40.

Priesthood of our Lord, 485.

Priesthood, Levitical,
typical of Christ, 119, 236;

points of agreement specified, a common human nature, appointment by God, mediatorship between God and the people through propitiatory sacrifice, 594, seq.;
points of disagreement incident to the type, 595, seq.; central idea of priesthood, 596.

Priesthood of Melchizedek, 583, seq.

Priestly garments, 596.

interpretation of, 607, seq.;
its progressive fulfilment, 622;
question of its literal and figurative meaning, 624, seq.; its representative use of Old Testament history and institutions, 624.

specific, 607;
generic, 608;
with the succession of events, 609;
without it, 611;
their inward view of God's kingdom, 613, seq.

Prophetical books and their office, 143, seq.

Prophetical office, typical of Christ, 118, 582.

Prophets, Hebrew, their office and character, 294, seq.

as a Jewish division of the Old Testament canon, 169; greater prophets, 169, 294;
less or minor, 169, 332;
Masoretic and Septuagint arrangement of, 332.

Proverbs, 555.

Proverbs, book of,
its office, 288;
outward form and divisions, 289;
arrangement in its present form, 290.

Psalms, book of,
its character and office, 284;
fivefold division, 285, seq.;
titles, 286, seq;
Messianic psalms, 619.

Psalms, alleged Maccabean, 196.

Psalters, Gallican and Roman, 400, 403.

Pseudo-Jonathan, Targum of, 207.

Ptolemy Philadelphus, his agency in respect to the Septuagint version, 199.

Punic language, 175.

Purple manuscript, 388.

Purim, feast of, 263.


Quotations of the early fathers, 37.

Quotations from the Old Testament in the New,
their use in sacred criticism, 211;
authority, 632;
outward form, 633;
free spirit, 635;
principle of accommodation considered, 635;
quotations for argument, 637;
of Old Testament prophecies referring to Christ -- directly, 638; in a typical way, 638.
See further under Septuagint.

Quotations from the Old Testament in the Talmud and Rabbinic writers, 211, seq.


Rabbinic writers, 211, seq.

Rabbinic mode of writing, 176.

Reason, its office in interpretation, 544.

Restoration of the Jews, question concerning the, 628.

Resurrection of Jesus, 70.

Resurrection, first and second, 630.

its unity, 33, 566, 568;
diversity, 566, seq.;
each particular revelation perfect in its place, 571; the later revelations interpret the earlier, 572.

Revelation, book of. See Apocalypse.

Ritual types, 585, seq.

Romans and Roman church, 451.

Romans, Epistle to the,
its date and place of writing, 451;
occasion and contents, 452;
office, 453.

Ruth, book of, 248;
supplementary to the history of David's family.248.


typical of Christ, 591, seq.;
their essential character, 597, seq.;
Mosaic classification of them, sin-offerings and trespass-offerings, 598; burnt-offerings, 598;
peace-offerings, 599;
sacrificial victims, 600.

Sahidic version, 407.

Salome, 436.

their language, 175;
their Pentateuch and its version, 181, 208.

Samuel, he establishes the school of the prophets and the kingly office, 249.

Samuel, books of,
their original unity, 248;
contents, office, and divisions, 249, seq.;
age and sources, 251.

Sanctuary, Mosaic,
its general idea, 585;
structure, divisions, and furniture, 586, seq.;
typical character, 587, seq.

Saul, 250.

Scape-goat, 603.

defined, 528;
its primary importance, 529;
how ascertained, 530.

Scriptio continua, 172, 373.

Sense, distinguished from signification, 528.

Sense of Scripture,
its extent, 573;
the clearer statements of Scripture interpret the more obscure, 574.

Selah, 287.

Septuagint, Greek version of,
its antiquity, 199;
Jewish account of its origin, 199, seq.;
character and critical value, 201;
influence on the New Testament language, 202;
Hebrew text from which it was made, 203;
history of its text, 205; Origen's Hexapla, 205;
Jewish estimates of it, 203, 368;
quotations from it in the New Testament, 633, seq.

Septuagint arrangement of the Old Testament books, 171.

Seventy. See Septuagint.

Shalmaneser, 334.

Sheminith, 288.

Shemitic languages, 175.

Shoshannim, Shushan, and Shushaneduth, 287, seq.

Show-bread, 589.

Signification of words, 527.

Sinai manuscript, 385.

Sirach, Jesus son of. See Ecclesiasticus.

Six days of creation, 137, 228.

Smerdis, 261.

So, 334.

Sojourn in the wilderness, its typical import, 584.

his temple, 253;
his splendor and profuse expenditures, 253.

Solomon, Song of, 292, seq.

Songs of degrees, 287.

Sprinkling of the sacrificial blood, 601, 603.

Stevens, Robert, author of the modern division of verses in the New Testament, 377.

Subscriptions to the New Testament books, 379.

Symbols, 319, 554;
numerical, 508, 564, 610;
distinguished from types, 555;
real and seen in visions, 562, seq.

Symmachus, his version, 204.

Synagogue, the great, 194.

Synagogue rolls, 179.

Synagogues, Jewish, as places of preaching, 447.

Synoptical gospels. See Gospels.

Syriac language, 175.

Syriac versions. See Versions.

Syro-chaldaic, 369.


Tabernacle, Mosaic, 585, seq.;
its typical character, 602, seq.

Targum of Onkelos, 206;
of Jonathan, 207;
of Pseudo-Jonathan, 207;
Jerusalem Targum, 207;
Targums on the Hagiographa, 208.

Tatian and his Diatessaron, 50.

Temple of Solomon, 253.

Tent, Mosaic, as distinguished from the tabernacle, 587.

various ancient designations of, 165;
origin and meaning of the term, 166.

Testament, Old,
its inseparable connection with the New, 113, seq.; its inspiration, 134, 142, 148, 195, seq.;
various arrangements of its books, 168, seq.;
Old Testament text, Jewish divisions of, 173;
modern, 173, seq.;
original languages, 175;
criticism of its text, 209;
preparatory character of its revelations, 215;
office of its several divisions, 218;
its significance to the covenant people, 220;
to the Christian church, 222.

Testament, New,
the natural sequel to the Old, 113, seq.;
and its interpreter, 119;
its language, 365, seq.;
main divisions of its books and their order, 371;
subdivisions, of the historic part, 371;
of the epistolary, 372;
various arrangements of the gospels, 372;
arrangement of the epistles, 373;
titles and subscriptions, 378;
New Testament text, its essential integrity, 65, 390; uncial and cursive modes of writing, 373;
continuous writing, 373;
stichometry, 374;
ancient divisions of the text, 375, seq.;
modern, 377, seq.;
criticism of the text, 380;
the manuscript text, 380, seq.;
various readings, 381, seq.;
manuscripts, 384;
the printed text, 388;
primary editions, 388, seq.;
remarks on the received text, 390.

Tertullian, 39. See also under the several New Testament books.

Thebaic version, 407.

its establishment under Moses, 232;
Christ its end, 118;
and typified by it, 146;
alleged objections to it, 138, seq.;
its preparatory character and practical working, 141, seq.; its condition at the restoration, 259.

Theodotion's version, 204.

Thessalonica and the Thessalonian church, 471.

Thessalonians, first epistle to the, 472;
its early date, occasion, and contents, 472, seq.

Thessalonians, second epistle to the,
date, design, and contents, 473;
question respecting our Lord's second advent, 474;
epistles to the Thessalonians and Philippians contrasted, 474, seq.

Timothy, notices of, 479.

Timothy, first epistle to, time of writing, occasion, and contents, 479.

Timothy, second epistle to,
its peculiar tone and character, 481;
its late date, 482.

Titus, notices of, 480.

Titus, epistle to, 480.

Tobit, apocryphal book of, 353.

Tradition, different senses of, 417.

Tropes, 550, seq.

distinguished from analogies and from simple foreshadowings, 579; their essential character, 580;
different kinds of types, historical, 581, seq., 618; ritual, 585, seq.

Typical orders of men, 581, seq.;
typical historic transactions, 583;
typical ritual acts, laying on of the offerer's hands, waving and heaving, sprinkling of the sacrificial blood, and burning on the altar, 601, seq.;
burning of incense, 589;
ceremonies connected with the great day of atonement, 603; with the scape-goat, 604.


Uncial manuscripts, 60, 373, 384.

Uncleanness, Levitical, 606.


Vail of the tabernacle, 586, seq.

Vail of the temple, rending of the, 603.

Valentinus, 49.

Various readings of the gospels, 63;
of the New Testament text generally, 380;
examples of the more important, 390.

Verses, of the Old Testament, 173;
of the New Testament, 377.

Version, Armenian, 409;
English of Wiclif, 400;
Ethiopic, 408;
Gothic, 409;
Septuagint, see under this title.

Versions, Latin,
the old Latin, 47, 62, 89, 400;
age, place of execution, and variety of text, 400;
its canon, 401;
made in the Old Testament from the Septuagint: the vulgate, its arrangement of the Old Testament books, 171;
in the New Testament a revision of the old Latin, 402; in the Old Testament mostly a new translation, 403; its diversified character, 403;
history of its text, 404;
manuscripts of it, 404.

Versions, Syriac:
the Peshito version of the New Testament, 47, 62, 89; of the Old Testament, 208;
its canon, 398;
made in the Old Testament from the original Hebrew, 404; its age and character, 404, seq.;
the Cureton Syriac, 405;
the Philoxenian, 406;
the Hexapla, 406, seq.;
the Jerusalem Syriac Lectionary, 407.

Versions, ancient,
their testimony to the genuineness of the gospels, 47; and to their integrity, 62;
their use in sacred criticism, 210, 392.

Vulgate. See Versions, Latin.


Wave-offerings, 601.

Whale, 339.

Wilderness, sojourn in the, 234.

Wisdom, apocryphal book of, 356.

Wisdom of the son of Sirach. See Ecclesiasticus.

ancient mode of, 172, seq.;
materials for, 59, 179, 384.


Xerxes, 261, 263.


Zebedee, 436.

Zechariah, Prophecies of, 346, seq.;
question respecting the last part of, 348;
Matthew's quotation from Zechariah, 348.

Zephaniah, Prophecies of, 344.

chapter xxxix quotations from the
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