The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.…
I. THE PERSONS TO WHOM THE PROMISE IS MADE.
1. They must be living ones or they cannot be taught anything. They become so by being quickened together with Christ (Ephesians 2:5).
2. They are described in Isaiah 54:13.
3. All that the Father hath given Christ (vers. 37, 39). Given
(1) in the covenant of grace to preserve and to teach;
(2) in effectual calling (John 17:6).
4. In short, they are those who are loved by the Father, redeemed by the Son and quickened by the Spirit.
II. WHAT SHALL THEY BE TAUGHT?
1. To know themselves
(1) as sinful (Luke 15:18; Romans 7:18).
(2) Their own helplessness (Isaiah 38:14; Matthew 14:30; John 15:5).
(3) Their own ignorance (Psalm 25:5; Job 36:22).
2. To know Christ as their way of life and salvation.
(1) The suitableness of His righteousness (Isaiah 45:24).
(2) The completeness of His atonement (Hebrews 1:26).
(3) The riches and efficacy of His grace (John 1:16; Titus 2:12).
(4) In short to embrace Him as their wisdom, etc. (1 Corinthians 1:36), and their Saviour from the charge, punishment, guilt, love, and dominion of sin.
3. To use the means of grace —
(2) Reading and hearing God's Word.
(3) The Lord's Supper.
Parallel VersesKJV: The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.
WEB: The Jews therefore murmured concerning him, because he said, "I am the bread which came down out of heaven."