Proverbs 6:13
winking his eyes, speaking with his feet, and pointing with his fingers.
How Character is ExpressedGeorge H. Smyth.Proverbs 6:13
Secret Ways of SpeakingFrancis Taylor, B. D.Proverbs 6:13
A Picture of SpiteE. Johnson Proverbs 6:12-15
The Character and Doom of the AbandonedW. Clarkson Proverbs 6:12-15

I. THE SPITEFUL MAN DEFINED GENERALLY. (Ver. 12.) He is "naughty," the old English word being expressive; otherwise "a thing of naught," a "slight man" (Shakespeare); in German heilloss, "unsound," "unworthy," and so worthless. Gather up the sense and force of these adjectives, and we get the idea comprehensively of badness, the sensuous counterpart of which is rottenness, corruption.


1. In mien and gesture and language. His mouth is twisted to a false expression, and utters false things. There is an obliquity and uncertainty in his glance (comp. Proverbs 10:10). He is full of shy tricks and hints - the thrust of the foot, nudges and signs with his fingers. "The shrug, the 'hum!' the 'ha!' those petty brands that calumny doth use" (Shakespeare).

2. In spirit perverse. It is a nature awry, inwardly deformed. Busily inventive, scheming mischief, breeding quarrels (comp. on Proverbs 3:29). It is a mind naturally active and curious, which, disabled from good, swings inevitably to the other extreme.

III. HIS DESTINY. An overthrow, sudden, utter, irremediable.

1. This is described constantly as the common doom of all kinds of wickedness.

2. The Bible makes sharp distinctions, and opposes characters in an absolute manner. Fine distinctions would run into the infinite. But we must make them in every particular case.

3. The doom ever stands in the relation of correspondence to the guilt. - J.

He winketh with his eyes, he speaketh with his feet, he teacheth with his fingers.
The wicked man not only his abuseth big mouth, but also his eyes, feet, and fingers. When he is ashamed, or wants power to utter his mind as he would in words, he makes it known by signs; showing forth his spleen, lust, or contempt by his eyes, feet, or fingers. He is much addicted to perverse speeches who, when his tongue fails, speaks with his other members. He cannot hold; he must make his mind known to his brethren in evil some way or other. He makes known occasions of evil to his companions by signs. He acts his part to draw others to folly. What he cannot or dare not persuade to by words, that he doth by gestures. His tongue is not sufficient to express his wickedness. He useth gestures instead of words. He omits no way to stir up others to wickedness. He useth three quick members, that are easily moved, to show his quick, wicked wit by them. He abuses all the members of his body, but especially eyes, feet, and hands, to be signs of lewdness, he is wholly composed of fraud, and while he counterfeits goodness in words, practices mischief by signs. The froward person cannot always speak well, and therefore must sometimes hold his peace, and show his mind by tokens, lest his wicked disposition be discovered.

I. A WICKED MAN MAKES HIS MIND KNOWN BY HIS EYES. So Eliphaz conceived of Job (Job 15:12. See also Psalm 35:19).

1. In general. There is a faculty in all the members, some way or other to express the thoughts of the heart, though not so clear as in the tongue. Men use these faculties when they are ashamed to speak what they would have, or would be understood only by their partners in evil, to whom they give particular known tokens.

2. In particular. Men by the eyes give signs of wantonness. Men wink for flattery, as conniving at, or tacitly commending what others say or do. Or for derision, as intimating secretly to a friend that another man's words or actions are ridiculous. Or for secret solicitation to another, to do some evil, as to strike or wound a man.


1. Rage and anger, as when men stamp with their feet.

2. Murder, when they go apace to take occasion to kill.

3. Wantonness. So the treading on the toe is commonly interpreted by wantons.


1. Anger. Men hold out the finger by way of threatening.

2. Derision. We can mock with our fingers.

3. Mischief. By lifting up the finger giving a sign to hurt others.

(Francis Taylor, B. D.)

Naughty people think that no one knows anything about their naughtiness, when the truth is, that everybody knows it. The inward character of the man is expressed through mouth, eyes, hands, and feet.

I. EYES. "He winketh with his eyes." How much of the character the eye expresses! There is the open, clear, intelligent look that speaks volumes. There is the low, cunning look, the guilty, stealthy look of the criminal—well known and easily detected by experts. The eye speaks all the motions of the mind. It can command, entreat, repel, invite, subdue. Emerson says, "The eye obeys exactly the action of the mind."

II. FEET EXPRESS THE CHARACTER. Compare the firm step of the business man and the shuffling wriggle of the loafer. How much of bad character is expressed in the word "tramp"! The Bible often designates the whole character of a man by the word "walk."

III. HANDS HAVE A LANGUAGE. The wave of the hand, the use of the hands in public address, the sign or signal between two persons. The dumb talk together with their hands. Learn —

1. If you would be received as a worthy person, you must be worthy at heart.

2. If you would be known as upright, you must be such at heart.

3. If you aspire to rank in the community as a lady or gentleman, you must be such in every fibre of your being. Character always carries its own certificate with it.

(George H. Smyth.)

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