Proverbs 22
Wesley's Notes on the Bible
A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.
22:1 Favour - A good report among men, especially good men, and that hearty kindness which attends it.
The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all.
22:2 Meet - They live together, and need one another. The maker - Not only as they are men, but as they are poor or rich, which difference comes from God's providence. They have one common creator, and Lord, and judge, and the one cannot despise nor grudge at the other without reflecting upon God.
A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.
22:3 The evil - The judgment of God threatened, and approaching. Hideth - Retires to his strong tower, by prayer and repentance, puts himself under the protection of the almighty. Pass on - Carefully and securely.
By humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, and honour, and life.
Thorns and snares are in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.
Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.
22:6 Depart - Not easily and ordinarily.
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.
22:7 Is servant - Is at his mercy, and forced to comply with his pleasure.
He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.
22:8 The rod - That power which he used with fury shall be taken from him.
He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
22:9 He - Who looks upon the wants and miseries of others with compassion.
Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.
He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend.
The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, and he overthroweth the words of the transgressor.
22:12 Preserve - God by the watchful eye of his providence maintains and defends. Knowledge - Men of knowledge, knowing and good men. The matters - All his hopes, enterprizes, and concerns.
The slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.
The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of the LORD shall fall therein.
22:14 The mouth - Her fair and flattering speeches.
Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.
22:15 Bound - Is fixed and settled there, as being born with him, and rooted in his very nature.
He that oppresseth the poor to increase his riches, and he that giveth to the rich, shall surely come to want.
22:16 That giveth - That prodigally casts away his estate upon those who do not need it.
Bow down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.
22:17 My knowledge - The knowledge of God, which I am here delivering.
For it is a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee; they shall withal be fitted in thy lips.
22:18 Fitted - Fitly expressed: thou wilt be able to discourse profitably of them.
That thy trust may be in the LORD, I have made known to thee this day, even to thee.
Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge,
22:20 In counsels and knowledge - In counsels which proceed from found knowledge.
That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee?
22:21 Answer - That thou mayst be able to give solid, and satisfactory answers.
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
22:22 In the gate - Under pretence of justice.
For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
22:23 Spoil the soul - Take away not only their goods but their lives too.
Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:
Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.
Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts.
If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?
Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.
Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.
22:29 Before kings - He is fit to be employed in the affairs of princes.
Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible by John Wesley [1754-65]

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