Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has needless wounds? Who has bloodshot eyes?
I. THE IMMEDIATE EXTERNAL EFFECTS. (Vers. 29, 30.) Trouble, quarrels, violence, deformity. "No translation or paraphrase can do justice to the concise, abrupt, and energetic manner of the original." "Oh that men should put an enemy in their mouths to steal away their brains! that we should with joy, revel, pleasure, and applause, transform ourselves into beasts!"
II. THE ULTIMATE CONSEQUENCES. (Ver. 32.) It "bites like a serpent, and spits poison like a basilisk." This is the course of all sin; like Dead Sea fruits that tempt the taste, and turn to ashes on the lips. It is the "dangerous edge of things," against which men have to be on their guard. The line between use and abuse is so easily passed over. Corruptio optimi pessima.
III. THE EFFECT ESPECIALLY ON THE INTELLIGENCE. (Vers. 33-35.) The mind falls into bewilderment, and sees double or awry. The victim of intoxication is indeed "at sea," and like one sleeping on the very verge of danger and sudden death. In a spiritual sense he is drunk who does not perceive the great danger of his soul, but becomes more secure and stubborn under every chastisement (Jeremiah 5:8). It is the dreadful insensibility - depicted by yet. 35 which imitates the thought and speech of the drunkard - which is among the worst consequences of the vice. "The sight of a drunkard is a better sermon against that vice than the best that was ever preached upon the subject." "He who hath this sin, hath not himself; whosoever doth commit it, cloth not commit sin, but he himself is wholly sin" (Augustine). - J.
They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.
1. The effect in deceiving the senses and lowering the moral tone.
2. The common sense, the instinct of self-preservation, ordinary prudence, and the sense of the fitness of things, are suspended.
3. The last piece of degradation is given, for greater liveliness of impression, in the form of the drunkard's own soliloquy. He feels himself all over as he begins to rouse from his tipsy sleep, and pities himself that he has been so badly handled. He is waking, but he is not yet himself. As he staggers back into consciousness, the first thing that he thinks of is a renewal of his debauch. The awful tyranny of the evil habit, which has become a diseased second nature, is only too well known.
(A. Maclaren, D.D.)
1. Throw yourself on God.
2. Quit all your bad associations.
3. Seek Christian advice. If you have a Christian friend, go to him.
(T. De Witt Talmage, D.D.)
1. The moral degradation of intemperance. It is the destruction of everything manly and noble in human nature.
2. The physical degradation. Corruption in the heart works out its marks upon the face and in the manners. A distinguished German authority has given the scientific degradation resulting upon the generations succeeding the victim of the drink habit.
3. The social degradation. Intemperance as an evil reaches the state. Nine-tenths of the crimes of society result from, or are abetted by, drink. This theme is a warning. Directly and indirectly, the appeal is made to all who come within the sound of its voice.
(D. O. Mears.)
1. Sorrow (ver. 29). Drink has probably broken more hearts than any other thing. It is taken to drown sorrow, but, alas! it creates it.
2. Folly. "Babbling" — a profanation of the sacred gift of speech, and as such is to be avoided (1 Timothy 6:20).
3. Disease. "Wounds." Look in at the hospitals. Read the medical reports.
4. Disfigurement. "Redness cf the eyes."
5. Waste of time. "Tarry long."
6. Dissatisfaction. "Yet again" (ver. 35). Drink creates an insatiable appetite for itself.
7. Insensibility. "Felt it not" (ver. 35). The nerves of the drunkard are benumbed, and nature's monitors are impaired. Physical insensibility is followed by moral insensibility (Ephesians 4:19).
8. Uncleanness. Drink fires the passions, and gives the "strange women" (ver. 33) their best opportunities.
9. Exposure to danger (ver. 34).
II. THE REMEDY FOR DRUNKENNESS (ver 31). It is very simple. Abstain from strong drink — don't even look at it. Temptation sometimes enters through the eye. But beyond and above all look to Jesus for deliverance from this and every other form of evil.
Scientific Illustrations.Gas is a great spoiler of the air; but it has the merit of giving timely warning of the danger by the horrible smell which accompanies its escape. This smell is perceptible when there is only one part in a thousand parts of air; becomes very offensive when the proportion is 1/750 or 1/500, and is almost insupportable as the proportion increases. If the gas has escaped from a crack in the pipes, and been allowed to mingle with the air in which a free circulation by ventilation is possible, so that the proportion of gas amounts to 1/11, it explodes on the introduction of a candle. But the reason why this catastrophe so seldom occurs is because the smell of gas is so utterly offensive that the evil demands and receives proper attention long before it reaches danger point. This fact illustrates very well a great truth in the moral world, namely, that when evil is offensive in itself its danger to the community is slight. In exact ratio to the pleasantness of vice is the danger to be apprehended from it.
(Scientific Illustrations.)1. The use of intoxicating drinks is financially unbusinesslike. It keeps men in poverty, and they keep their families is the deepest want.
2. It destroys self-respect.
3. It defiles the body.
4. It destroys life.
5. It enfeebles the mind.
6. It breaks down the will.
7. It obliterates heart and conscience.
8. It destroys souls. Let us use our every influence to correct this evil.
(G. B. F. Hallcock.)I. THE CAUSES WHICH LEAD TO IT.
1. Example. Seeing others in this state, and imitating them without being aware of the results which will follow.
2. Evil associations. We cannot be too careful in selecting our associates.
3. Afflictions of a peculiar kind, especially mental, and those produced by disappointment.
4. The ease with which liquor is procured.
II. SOME OF THE EVILS ATTENDANT UPON DRUNKENNESS.
1. Babbling. Owing to temporary deprivation of the use of reason.
2. Contentions. The man acts like a madman.
3. Wounds without cause.
4. Redness of eyes.
III. THE CONSEQUENCES RESULTING FROM THIS SIN. Woe and sorrow.
1. From the consumption of his property.
2. From the loss of his reputation.
3. From the decay of his health.
4. From the injury done to his family.
5. From the loss of his immortal soul.
IV. THE DUTY OF AVOIDING THE SIN OF DRUNKENNESS. Think not that it will do you good, but reflect on the consequences to which it leads, so abominable in the sight of God, so injurious to yourselves and those around you, and so hateful in the estimation of all those who truly reflect.
(E. Miller, M.A.)
Monday Club Sermons.The Bible considers intemperance in all its phases, and shows that, with all other sins, it springs from a sinfulness which is common to mankind, and shows that the true remedy for it, as for all sins, lies in the deliverance Divinely provided for the sinfulness which is their root.
I. THE DRUNKARD'S CONDITION IS DESCRIBED. Woes and sorrows, strifes and anxieties, wounds and diseases, deadened perceptions and a destroyed will, mingle in this awful picture. Here is disclosed a general wreck of manhood.
1. Physical evils. Alcohol vitiates the blood and fills it with poisonous humour. The changes produce gross and enfeebled bodies, diseases of the heart, lungs, and other organs, and a constant waste of physical powers.
2. Mental evils. Alcohol directly affects the brain. It creates an unnatural brilliancy of intellect. But this brief advantage is purchased at the cost of the mind itself. Other effects on the mind seriously deteriorate a man's progeny. Drink destroys not only the mind of the drunkard, but also the mind of his offspring.
3. Moral and spiritual evils. Drunkenness inflames the passions. It leads to contentions. It is the great cause of crime. It destroys self-control and thus overthrows the citadel of manhood.
II. THE STEPS BY WHICH MEN BECOME DRUNKARDS. Alcohol is first taken in its simplest, as wine, beer, cider. At first it is taken only occasionally, and at the invitation of others. Literature lends its voice to enticing temptations. Those who allow themselves to acquire the habit of drinking make that which they hate a part of themselves.
III. THE WAY TO AVOID BEING A DRUNKARD. Let alcohol alone. Keep in view that the woes of drink come from an indulgence that was moderate in the beginning. No temptation to drink is more dangerous than that which makes it a sign of good-fellowship. Total abstinence is the only safe ground to stand upon. But the Christian will do more than hold himself in safety. The Christian must give all the weight of his influence, by example, word, and action, as a Christian, a neighbour, and a citizen, against this evil.
(Monday Club Sermons.)I. THE DELUSIVENESS OF THIS SIN. Call no pleasure pleasurable until you have asked what the cost is to be.
II. THE TRAITS OF DISPOSITION RESULTING FROM WINE-DRINKING.
1. The drunkard is contentious.
2. He is a discontented man.
3. He loses his mind.
4. He is a reckless man.
III. THE RESULTS OF DRINKING ARE IN PART SUGGESTED.
1. The speech of the drunkard is bad.
2. The body is harmed by drink.
3. The drunkard tends to become possessed of all evil desires.
IV. THIS WAY OF LIVING BECOMES PERMANENT. In its origin drunkenness is but an episode; in its conclusion it is a character. What a man does once he tends to do again.
1. This permanence is shown in the deliberateness of the drunkard's full-grown folly.
2. And so the habit fastens itself more and more firmly upon him, until at last, even when he is grovelling in the lowest depths, he still calls ever for more of that which has brought him there. The more a man drinks, the more he does not want to stop.
(D. J. Burrell.)
I. ITS STING IS A COSTLY STING.
II. ITS STING IS AN INJURIOUS STING.
III. ITS STING IS A DISGRACEFUL STING.
(R. Newton, D.D.)
I. BECAUSE IT IS POISONOUS. Alcohol is primarily a brain-poison, but there is not a tissue nor an organ of the body which it does not injure.
II. BECAUSE IT IS SUBTLE (Genesis 3:1). As a rule men glide into drunkenness unconsciously to themselves. Probably the drunkard is the last person to know that he has become such.
III. BECAUSE IT IS LIKE THE DEVIL. In the Scriptures the serpent is the symbol of Satan. Drink, like the devil, leads men into all kinds of sin. The connection of drink with unchastity is set forth in this passage.
(G. A. Bennetts, B.A.)
(George Lawson, D.D.)1. His sensual indulgence.
2. His offensive garrulousness.
3. His bloodshot face. The habits of the man come to be marked by their effects upon his looks.
4. His wretched condition.
5. His easy temptability. He is ripe for the crimes of adultery, falsehood, blasphemy, and other enormities.
6. His reckless stupidity.
7. His unconquerable thirst. However bitter his reflections upon his awaking, and his remorse, his thirst remains unquenched.
(D. Thomas, D.D.)
(A. Maclaren, D.D.)
LinksProverbs 23:29 NIV
Proverbs 23:29 NLT
Proverbs 23:29 ESV
Proverbs 23:29 NASB
Proverbs 23:29 KJV
Proverbs 23:29 Bible Apps
Proverbs 23:29 Parallel
Proverbs 23:29 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 23:29 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 23:29 French Bible
Proverbs 23:29 German Bible
Proverbs 23:29 Commentaries