Isaiah 28
New American Standard Bible►► 

Ephraim’s Captivity Predicted

1Woe to the proud crown of the habitually drunk of Ephraim,

And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,

Which is at the head of the [a]fertile valley

Of those who are [b]overcome with wine!

2Behold, the Lord has a strong and mighty agent;

As a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction,

Like a storm of mighty overflowing waters,

He has thrown it down to the earth with His hand.

3The splendid crown of the habitually drunk of Ephraim is trampled underfoot.

4And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,

Which is at the head of the [c]fertile valley,

Will be like the first-ripe fig prior to the summer,

Which [d]one sees,

And [e]as soon as it is in his [f]hand,

He swallows it.

5On that day the LORD of armies will become a beautiful crown

And a glorious wreath to the remnant of His people;

6A spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment,

A strength to those who repel the [g]onslaught at the gate.

7And these also reel with wine and stagger from intoxicating drink:

The priest and the prophet reel with intoxicating drink,

They are confused by wine, they stagger from intoxicating drink;

They reel while [h]having visions,

They stagger when rendering a verdict.

8For all the tables are full of filthy vomit, without a single clean place.

9“To whom would He teach knowledge,

And to whom would He interpret the message?

Those just weaned from milk?

Those just taken from the breast?

10“For He says,

[i]Order on order, order on order,

Line on line, line on line,

A little here, a little there.’”

11Indeed, He will speak to this people

Through stammering lips and a foreign tongue,

12He who said to them, “This is the place of quiet, give rest to the weary,”

And, “This is the resting place,” but they would not listen.

13So the word of the LORD to them will be,

[j]Order on order, order on order,

Line on line, line on line,

A little here, a little there,”

That they may go and stumble backward, be broken, snared, and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

14Therefore, hear the word of the LORD, you scoffers,

Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,

15Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,

And with [k]Sheol we have made a [l]pact.

The [m]gushing flood will not reach us when it passes by,

Because we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.” 16Therefore this is what the Lord [n]GOD says:

“Behold, I am laying a stone in Zion, a tested stone,

A precious cornerstone for the foundation, [o]firmly placed.

The one who believes in it will not be [p]disturbed.

17“I will make justice the measuring line

And righteousness the level;

Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies,

And the waters will overflow the secret place.

18“Your covenant with death will be [q]canceled,

And your pact with Sheol will not stand;

When the [r]gushing flood passes through,

Then you will become its trampling ground.

19“As often as it passes through, it will [s]seize you;

For morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,

And it will be [t]sheer terror to understand [u]what it means.”

20The bed is too short on which to stretch out,

And the blanket is too [v]small to wrap oneself in.

21For the LORD will rise up as at Mount Perazim,

He will be stirred up as in the Valley of Gibeon,

To do His task, His [w]unusual task,

And to work His work, His [x]extraordinary work.

22And now do not carry on as scoffers,

Or your shackles will be made stronger;

For I have heard from the Lord [y]GOD of armies

Of decisive destruction on all the earth.

23Listen and hear my voice,

Pay attention and hear my words.

24Does the [z]farmer plow [aa]continually to plant seed?

Does he continually [ab]turn and break up his ground?

25Does he not level its surface

And sow dill and scatter cumin

And [ac]plant wheat in rows,

Barley in its place and rye within its [ad]area?

26For his God instructs and teaches him properly.

27For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge,

Nor is the cartwheel [ae]driven over cumin;

But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cumin with a club.

28Grain for bread is crushed,

Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.

Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually [af]damage it,

He does not thresh it longer.

29This also comes from the LORD of armies,

Who has made His counsel wonderful and His wisdom great.

[a] 1 Lit valley of fatness
[b] 1 Lit stricken
[c] 4 Lit valley of fatness
[d] 4 Lit the one seeing sees
[e] 4 Lit while it is yet
[f] 4 Lit palm
[g] 6 Lit battle
[h] 7 Lit seeing
[i] 10 Heb Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Zeer sham, zeer sham. These Hebrew fragments, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet’s preaching.
[j] 13 See note v 10. The LORD responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror.
[k] 15 I.e., the netherworld
[l] 15 As in some ancient versions; MT seer
[m] 15 Or overwhelming scourge
[n] 16 Heb YHWH, usually rendered LORD
[o] 16 Lit well-laid
[p] 16 Lit in a hurry
[q] 18 Lit covered over
[r] 18 Or overwhelming scourge
[s] 19 Lit take
[t] 19 Lit only
[u] 19 Lit the report; or the message
[v] 20 Lit narrow
[w] 21 Lit task is strange
[x] 21 Lit work is foreign
[y] 22 Heb YHWH, usually rendered LORD
[z] 24 Lit plowman
[aa] 24 Lit all day
[ab] 24 Lit open
[ac] 25 Lit put
[ad] 25 Lit region
[ae] 27 Lit rolled
[af] 28 Lit discomfit

New American Standard Bible
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by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
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