When they were few in number, few indeed, and strangers in the land,
I. THAT GOD HAS MADE DISTINCT PROMISES TO MANKIND. David speaks here of the "covenant which God made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac" (vers. 15, 16; see ver. 18 and Genesis 17:2, 26:3, etc.). We know that he also promised David that he should sit on the throne, and his children after him (1 Chronicles 17:17). We think also of the primeval promise, looking far forward and embracing such large results (Genesis 3:15). God has made "exceeding great and precious promises" to us in Christ; he promises to those who are in him pardon, peace, joy, the indwelling Spirit, sanctity, eternal life,
II. THAT OF THESE HIS PROMISES HE HAS GIVEN US ASSURING CONFIRMATION. He "confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant" (ver. 17); he did this in word (ver. 18) and in deed (vers. 19-22). All the promises which are made to us in Christ are confirmed both in word and deed.
1. In Divine Word. By repeated assurances not only from the lips of the Lord himself, but also from the utterances of his inspired apostles. In Scripture we have the most abundant assurances that those who believe in Christ shall enjoy the favour of the eternal Father and possess everlasting life.
2. And also in Divine action; for we have the testimony of all succeeding generations of Christian men, who bear unvarying witness that "God is faithful, who hath called us to the fellowship of his Son" (l Corinthians 1:9). This is surely a confirmation of God's working; for are not all these witnesses his workmanship? are they not his husbandry, his building (Ephesians 2:10; 1 Corinthians 3:9)?
III. THAT IT BEHOVES US TO KEEP THEM IN CONTINUED AND LIVELY REMEMBRANCE. "Be ye mindful always of his covenant" (ver. 15). In the day of spiritual awakening, in the midst of earnest Christian work, in the time of trouble, in the hour of spiritual struggle and misgiving, in the valley of the shadow of death, we have especial need to be mindful of the promises of God. But they should never be far from us, they should be always within reach, like a sword at our side, like bread beneath the roof, that we may draw them at the approaching danger, that we may resort to them when our heart is a-hungered. We may add, though it is not in the text -
IV. THAT WE MUST NOT FAIL TO COMPLY WITH THE CONDITIONS ATTENDING THEM. God's promises are never unconditional: there is always an "if" implied if not expressed (2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Kings 2:4; Psalm 132:11, 12). His promises to us of eternal life are conditional on
(1) our acceptance of Jesus Christ, and
(2) our faithfulness unto death. - C.
He suffered no man to do them wrong.I. HERE IS THE NEARNESS AND DEARNESS OF THE SAINTS UNTO GOD.
II. HERE IS THE GREAT DANCER TO KINGS AND STATES TO DEAL WITH HIS SAINTS OTHERWISE THAN WELL.
III. HERE IS THE CARE AND PROTECTION WHICH GOD HAD OVER THEM, SET AND AMPLIFIED.
1. By the number and condition of the persons whom He defended.
2. By what He did for them.
( Thomas Goodwin.)
Touch not Mine anointedI. THE PERSON WHOSE THE SPEECH IS. "He is the Lord our God" (ver. 14).
II. THE PERSONS TO WHOM. In general to all; specially to some.
III. THE PERSONS CONCERNING WHOM. His anointed.
1. The patriarchs, who were the rulers of their people. The name implies fatherhood and government. They were anointed before there was any material anointing at all.
2. The kings who were the successors of the patriarchs.(1) The Holy Ghost applies this term to Saul, David, Solomon, Hezekiah, Josiah, Cyrus (1 Samuel 12:3, 4; 2 Samuel 19:21; 2 Chronicles 6:42; Lamentations 4:20; Isaiah 45:1).(2) This is affirmed by
(a) (b) (c) 3. The fathers use the term in the same way. 4. After the patriarchs, this term is appropriate to kings, and kings only, all the Bible through. It is used — (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bp. Andrewes.)
(b) (c) 3. The fathers use the term in the same way. 4. After the patriarchs, this term is appropriate to kings, and kings only, all the Bible through. It is used — (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bp. Andrewes.)
(c) 3. The fathers use the term in the same way. 4. After the patriarchs, this term is appropriate to kings, and kings only, all the Bible through. It is used — (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bp. Andrewes.)
3. The fathers use the term in the same way.
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