Joshua 19:18
New International Version
Their territory included: Jezreel, Kesulloth, Shunem,

New Living Translation
Its boundaries included the following towns: Jezreel, Kesulloth, Shunem,

English Standard Version
Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

Berean Standard Bible
Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

King James Bible
And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

New King James Version
And their territory went to Jezreel, and included Chesulloth, Shunem,

New American Standard Bible
Their territory was to Jezreel and included Chesulloth, Shunem,

NASB 1995
Their territory was to Jezreel and included Chesulloth and Shunem,

NASB 1977
And their territory was to Jezreel and included Chesulloth and Shunem,

Legacy Standard Bible
And their territory included Jezreel and Chesulloth and Shunem,

Amplified Bible
Their territory included: Jezreel and Chesulloth and Shunem,

Christian Standard Bible
Their territory went to Jezreel, and included Chesulloth, Shunem,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Their territory went to Jezreel, and included Chesulloth, Shunem,

American Standard Version
And their border was unto Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And their border was Yizrael and Kesluth and Shuim

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And their borders were Jazel, and Chasaloth, and Sunam,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his inheritance was Jezrael and Casaloth and Sunem,

English Revised Version
And their border was unto Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

Good News Translation
Its area included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

International Standard Version
The territorial allotment included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And their border was Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem;

Literal Standard Version
and their border is [at] Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Majority Standard Bible
Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

New American Bible
included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

NET Bible
Their assigned land included Jezreel, Kesulloth, Shunem,

New Revised Standard Version
Its territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

New Heart English Bible
And their border was to Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Webster's Bible Translation
And their border was towards Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

World English Bible
Their border was to Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,

Young's Literal Translation
and their border is at Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Additional Translations ...
Audio Bible

Issachar's Inheritance
17The fourth lot came out for the clans of the tribe of Issachar: 18Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem, 19Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath,…

Cross References
Joshua 19:17
The fourth lot came out for the clans of the tribe of Issachar:

Joshua 19:19
Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath,

1 Samuel 28:4
The Philistines came together and camped at Shunem, while Saul gathered all Israel and camped at Gilboa.

1 Kings 1:3
Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful girl, and they found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king.

2 Kings 4:8
One day Elisha went to Shunem, and a prominent woman who lived there persuaded him to have a meal. So whenever he would pass by, he would stop there to eat.

Treasury of Scripture

And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,


1 Kings 21:1,15,16
And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria…

2 Kings 8:29
And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.

2 Kings 9:15,30
But king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) And Jehu said, If it be your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the city to go to tell it in Jezreel…

Joshua 19:12
And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,


1 Samuel 28:4
And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.

1 Kings 1:3
So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king.

1 Kings 2:17,21
And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife…

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Joshua 19
1. The lot of Simeon
10. of Zebulun
17. of Issachar
24. of Asher
32. of Naphtali
40. of Dan
49. The children of Israel give an inheritance to Joshua

(18) Zerin (sheet 8), Iksal (sheet 6), S-lem (sheet 9).

Verse 18. - Jezreel. The valley (עֵמֶק) of Jezreel, known in later Greek as the plain of Esdrsela or Esdraclon (Judith 1:8 Judith 7:2; 2 Macc. 12:49) was "the perennial battlefield of Palestine from that time to the present" (Cooper, 'Egyptian Obelisks,' p. 33). Lieut. Conder ('Quart. Paper, Pal. Expl. Fund,' Jan., 1873), however, takes exception to this statement. "The great battles of Joshua," he says, "were fought far to the south." We presume he would make an exception on behalf of the action by the waters of Merom, and that he does not wish us to forget that the majority of Joshua's other "battles" were sieges. "David's wars were fought with the Philistines," he continues, "while the invasions of the Syrians were directed to the neighbourhood of Samaria." But here, again, he would seem to have forgotten 1 Samuel 29:1, 1 Kings 20:26, 2 Kings 13:17, 25, while he expressly admits that the great battles of Gilboa and Megiddo, in which Saul and Josiah were defeated and met their deaths, were fought here. And we have already seen that twice did the Egyptians invade Syria by this plain. One of these invasions took place while Moses was in Egypt, under Thothmes III. The other was the famous expedition of Rameses II. against Syria, about the time of Deborah and Barak. If we add to these the victory of Gideon over the Midianites and the overthrow of Sisera, we shall have reason to think that the epithet "the battlefield of Palestine" applied to this plain is not altogether misplaced, especially if, with a large number of critics, we regard the Book of Judith as founded on fact, but relating to events of some other time than that of Nebuchadnezzar. "Well may it be fertile," exclaims Mr. Bartlett ('From Egypt to Palestine,' p. 478), "for it has drunk the blood of the Midianite, the Philistine, the Jew, the Roman, the Babylonian, the Egyptian, the Frenchman, the Englishman, the Saracen, and the Turk. It is a singular group to summon up to the imagination, Gideon, Saul, and Jonathan, Deborah, Barak, and Sisera, Ahab, Jezebel, Jehu, Josiah, Omri, and Azariah, Holofernes and Judith, Vespasian and Josephus, Saladin and the Knights Templar, Bonaparte and Kleber." The list is a striking one. But certain it is that the plains of Jezreel have been noted as the highway of every conqueror who wished to make the fertile fields of Palestine his own. The Israelitish invasion alone seems to have been decided elsewhere than on that plain, stretching as it does from the foot of Carmel in a southeasterly direction, and divided in the direction of Jordan by Mount Gilboa and Little Hermon into three distinct branches, in the midst of the southernmost and most extensive of which stands the famous city of Jezreel - God's acre, or sowing ground, as the name indicates. Here Barak and Deborah fell upon the hosts of Jabin (Judges 4:14), descending suddenly from the heights of Tabor with 10,000 men upon the vast and evidently undisciplined host that lay in the plain. Here Gideon encountered the vast host of the Midianites (Judges 7:12), who, after laying waste the south country, finally encamped in this fertile plain (accurately called עֵמֶקin Judges 6:38), and with their leaders Oreb and Zeeb, and their princes Zebah and Zalmunna, were swept away in one of those sudden and irrational panics so often fatal to Eastern armies. Here Saul, hard by Jezreel, dispirited by his visit to the witch of Endor, on the north of Gilboa, gathered his men together as a forlorn hope, to await the attack of the Philistines, their numbers at first swelled by a number of Israelites whom Saul's tyranny and oppression had driven into exile (1 Samuel 29). Advancing to Jezreel, the Philistine host carried all before them, and drove the Israelites in headlong flight up the steeps of Gilboa, where Saul and his sons fell fighting bravely to the last (1 Samuel 30.). In the later and sadder days of the Israelitish monarchy, when the ten tribes had been carried into captivity by the Assyrian conqueror, Josiah courted disaster by a rash onslaught upon the Egyptian troops as they marched against Assyria. No details of this fight at Megiddo are preserved, save the fatal fire of the Egyptian archers, who marked Josiah as their victim, and drove, no doubt, his leaderless troops from the field (2 Kings 23:29; 2 Chronicles 35:22). At Jezreel, too, Ahab made his capital. Hither Elijah, when "the hand of the Lord was upon him" (1 Kings 18:46), ran after the wondrous scene on Mount Carmel, when he alone, in a strength not his own, withstood the "prophets of Baal, even four hundred and fifty men." Here Jehoram stood on the hill, with its commanding view, watching with an uneasy distrust the furious rush of Jehu with his troop from the other side Jordan, and here, in the plat of Naboth the Jezreelite, so fatal to Ahab and his house, did the vengeance decreed overtake the unhappy monarch (2 Kings 9:25), The spot may be still identified. It is the modern Zerin. Ritter describes it (and so does Robinson) as standing on the edge of a precipice 100 feet high, and commanding a fine view of the plain of Beth-shean on the east, and of Esdraelon on the west. There is a tower here which commands the same view as the watchmen of Jehoram commanded, bearing witness to the accuracy of the historian. So in 1 Kings 4:12, the mention of Taanach, Megiddo, and the region of Beth-shean, as beneath (מִַץחַתלְ). Jezreel is another instance of topographical detail which marks the correctness of the record. Another point is that we read in the narrative above mentioned of "chariots." Wilson ('Lands of the Bible,' 2:303) was surprised, on leaving the rugged heights of the hill country, to find how easily, if the civilisation of Palestine permitted, excellent roads might be made throughout this region; and Canon Tristram ('Land of Israel,' p. 421) has remarked on the desolate appearance now presented by that fertile region, the result of the insecurity for life and property which is so commonly remarked by all who have travelled in the East. Here, where under a better rule would be the abode of peace and plenty, no cultivator of the land dare venture to pass the night, exposed to the depredations of the wild tribes that infest the country. Only a mountain fastness, hard to climb and comparatively easy to defend, affords a secure retreat for those who would live peaceably in that once favoured land. Shunem. Now Sulem: the place of the encampment of the Philistines before they "pitched in Aphek" (1 Samuel 28:4; 1 Samuel 29:1). It was "five Roman miles south of Mount Tabor" (Vandevelde) and an hour and a half (i.e. about six miles) north of Jezreel (Keil and Delitzsch). Here Abishag the Shunammite lived (1 Kings 1:3; 1 Kings 2:17, 21), and here Elisha lodged, and afterwards restored the son of his entertainers to life (2 Kings 4, 8.).

Parallel Commentaries ...

Their territory
גְּבוּלָ֑ם (gə·ḇū·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1366: A cord, a boundary, the territory inclosed

וַיְהִ֖י (way·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

יִזְרְעֶ֥אלָה (yiz·rə·‘e·lāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3157: Jezreel -- 'God sows', two Israelites, also two cities in Israel, also a valley in Northern Israel

וְהַכְּסוּלֹ֖ת (wə·hak·kə·sū·lōṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 3694: Chesulloth -- a place in Issachar

וְשׁוּנֵֽם׃ (wə·šū·nêm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7766: Shunem -- a city in Issachar

Joshua 19:18 NIV
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Joshua 19:18
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OT History: Joshua 19:18 Their border was to Jezreel Chesulloth Shunem (Josh. Jos)
Joshua 19:17
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