1 Samuel 18
New American Standard Bible►► 

Jonathan and David

1Now it came about, when he had finished speaking to Saul, that [a]Jonathan committed himself to David, and Jonathan loved him as himself. 2And Saul took him that day and did not let him return to his father’s house. 3Then Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his military gear, including his sword, his bow, and his belt. 5And David went into battle wherever Saul sent him, and always [b]achieved success; so Saul put him in charge of the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

6Now it happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with other [c]musical instruments. 7The women sang as they [d]played, and said,

“Saul has slain his thousands,

And David his ten thousands.” 8Then Saul became very angry, for this lyric [e]displeased him; and he said, “They have given David credit for ten thousands, but to me they have given credit for only thousands! Now what more can he have but the kingdom?” 9And Saul eyed David with suspicion from that day on.

Saul Turns against David

10Now it came about on the next day that an evil spirit from God rushed upon Saul, and he raved in the midst of the house while David was playing the harp with his hand, [f]as usual; and [g]a spear was in Saul’s hand. 11Then Saul hurled the spear, for he thought, “I will [h]pin David to the wall.” But David [i]escaped from his presence, twice.

12Now Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him but had left Saul. 13So Saul removed him from [j]his presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. 14David was [k]successful in all his ways, for the LORD was with him. 15When Saul saw that he was [l]very successful, he was afraid of him. 16But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he would go out to battle and [m]return [n]before them.

17Then Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife, only be a valiant man for me and fight the LORD’S battles.” For Saul thought, “My hand shall not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him.” 18But David said to Saul, “Who am I, and who is my family, or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” 19So it came about at the time that Merab, Saul’s daughter, was to be given to David, that she was given instead to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

20Now Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. When they informed Saul, the thing was pleasing [o]to him. 21For Saul thought, “I will give her to him so that she may become a trap for him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David, “For a second time you may become my son-in-law, today.” 22Then Saul commanded his servants, “Speak to David in secret, saying, ‘Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; now then, become the king’s son-in-law.’” 23So Saul’s servants spoke these words [p]to David. But David said, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law, since I am only a poor man and insignificant?” 24Then Saul’s servants reported to him, saying, “[q]These are the words David spoke.” 25Saul then said, “This is what you shall say to David: ‘The king does not desire any dowry except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” But Saul plotted to have David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26When his servants told David these words, [r]it pleased David to become the king’s son-in-law. So [s]before the time had expired, 27David set out and went, he and his men, and fatally struck two hundred men among the Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins, and they presented all two hundred of them to the king, so that he might become the king’s son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal as a wife. 28When Saul saw and realized that the LORD was with David, and that Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him, 29then Saul was even more afraid of David. So Saul was David’s enemy continually.

30Then the commanders of the Philistines went to battle, and it happened as often as they went out, that David was more [t]successful than all the servants of Saul. So his name was held in high esteem.

[a] 1 Lit the soul of Jonathan was joined to the soul of
[b] 5 Or acted wisely
[c] 6 Possibly three-stringed lutes
[d] 7 Or danced
[e] 8 Lit was evil in his eyes
[f] 10 Lit day by day
[g] 10 Lit the
[h] 11 Lit strike David and the wall
[i] 11 Lit turned about
[j] 13 Lit with him
[k] 14 Or acting wisely
[l] 15 Or acting very wisely
[m] 16 Lit come in
[n] 16 Or leading them
[o] 20 Lit in his sight
[p] 23 Lit in the ears of
[q] 24 Lit According to these words David
[r] 26 Lit the thing was pleasing in the sight of
[s] 26 Lit the days were not fulfilled, and
[t] 30 Or wise

New American Standard Bible
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by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
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