1 Chronicles 3:1
These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon by Ahinoam of Jezreel; the second was Daniel by Abigail of Carmel;
A Family RecordJ. Parker, D. D.1 Chronicles 3:1-9
Checkered LifeW. Clarkson 1 Chronicles 3:1-9
Significance of Hebrew NamesW. P. Faunce.1 Chronicles 3:1-9
The Kings of the Royal Line - David and SolomonF. Whitfield 1 Chronicles 3:1-9
Genealogy of Israel's Royal HouseholdF. Whitfield 1 Chronicles 3:1-24
On the Genealogical TablesR. Glover 1 Chronicles 1-6
GenealogiesJ.R. Thomson 1 Chronicles 1-9

These verses suggest to us the thought which continually recurs in studying the life of David, viz. -

I. HOW JOY AND SORROW MINGLE IN THE LIVES OF MEN. To David were given many elements of joy: he had the outward dignity, the comfortable and even splendid surroundings, the authority and influence which belong to Oriental sovereignty: he reigned altogether forty years (ver. 4). For this large period of his life the pleasures of regal pomp, wealth, and power were at his command. But his was far from a cloudless day. In the home circle, where the sweetest joys are commonly found, there were abundant sources of trouble and distress. In his "first love," Michal, he was bitterly disappointed, and she was "childless unto the day of her death." His concubines deserted and dishonoured him (2 Samuel 16:22). As we read in these verses (vers. 1-8) the names of his children, we are struck with the thought - how little there was in them to give their father a parent's joy! how much to cause him a profound anxiety, or even poignant grief! If national prosperity or military success elated the king's heart, domestic dissatisfaction, home troubles, must soon have clouded his brow. Thus is it with us all: joy and sorrow may not spring from these two sources, they may not mingle in these proportions, but they are bound up together in the same bundle; they intermingle and interlace in every human life. Bodily gratifications, success, power, the endearments of human love, the hope of higher and greater things, the joy of beneficence, on the one hand; care, loss, toil, disappointment, regret, the "wounded spirit," on the other hand. It is a checkered scene, this plain of human life; sunshine and shadow fall fitfully upon it as we pass on to the far horizon. This aspect of David's household, recalling to us the contrasts of his experience, may lead us to remember -

II. HOW GOD DISCIPLINES OUR HEARTS. David would hardly have been the humble and devout man he was and continued to be, if he had enjoyed an unbroken course of triumph and satisfaction. The best graces of the human soul cannot thrive in perpetual sunshine; they must have the searching winds and the pelting rains of heaven. If God sends us loss and trouble, if he "breaks our schemes of earthly joy," it is to foster in our hearts those virtues of meekness, resignation, lowliness of heart, considerateness of others, etc., which we should not keep alive if the "barns were always filled with plenty," and the cup were always overflowing with earthly joy. We may especially learn here -

III. How GOD PREPARES US FOR HOLY SERVICE. David would never have left us the psalms which proceeded from his pen if his earthly life had not been the checkered thing it was. It was from a troubled if not a broken heart that those deep utterances were poured. It was from a soul that could find no rest and joy but in the faithful God, "the very present Help in trouble," that flowed the precious passages which are the comfort of mankind.

1. God never calls us to any estate so high as that of sacred service - the spiritual help we render our kind.

2. We cannot possibly serve to the full height of our power if we do not learn sympathy by suffering.

3. Therefore God leads his children into deep waters, that, through such baptism, they may comfort, heal, and bless the sorrowing and stricken souls who wait their ministering hand. - C.

Now these are the sons of David.
As we read their names they convey no meaning to us, but as defined etymologically we may get a new aspect of part at least of the king's household. Ibhar signifies "God chooseth"; Elishama, "God heareth"; Eliphelet, "God is deliverance"; Eliada, "God knoweth." Keeping in mind the well-established feet that in Oriental countries it was customary to mark family history by the names of the children, we can but be struck with the deep religiousness of the family record now before us. In every child David sees some new manifestation of God. Every son was an historical landmark, Every life was a new phase of providence. Blessed is the man who need not look beyond his own house for signs and proofs of the manifold and never-ceasing goodness of God.

(J. Parker, D. D.)

A name is to us a matter of convenience; to the Hebrews it was a solemn and sacred thing. Our names are short and simple, and generally meaningless. Bible names are thought-fossils, rich in memories of the past. We often designate our streets by the letters of the alphabet, we distinguish our houses by Arabic numerals, and in large bodies of men we distinguish one from another by placing numbers on their caps or badges. The number on the house has nothing to do with the size or location of the dwelling; the number on the cap or badge tells nothing of the brain or heart beneath. But the old Hebrews would have thought it sacrilegious to give names in such careless fashion. Their names of places were often given altar solemn thought and prayer. Historical records were few. The name must contain the history of the past and embody the sublimest hopes of the future. The name Bethel, or "House of God," recalled to every Jew the night when Jacob slept on his stony pillow, and the word Meribah, or "bitterness," commemorated in the mind of every Jewish boy the murmuring and rebellion in the wilderness.

(W. P. Faunce.)

Abia, Abigail, Abijah, Abital, Absalom, Adonijah, Ahaz, Ahaziah, Ahinoam, Akkub, Amaziah, Ammiel, Amnon, Amon, Anani, Arnan, Asa, Assir, Azariah, Azrikam, Bariah, Bathsheba, Bathshua, Berechiah, Carmelitess, Dalaiah, Daniel, David, Delaiah, Eglah, Eliada, Eliashib, Elioenai, Eliphelet, Elishama, Elishua, Haggith, Hananiah, Hasadiah, Hashubah, Hattush, Hesed, Hezekiah, Hizkiah, Hodaiah, Hodaviah, Hoshama, Ibhar, Igal, Igeal, Isaiah, Ithream, Japhia, Jecamiah, Jeconiah, Jehoiachin, Jehoiakim, Jehoshaphat, Jekamiah, Jesaiah, Jeshaiah, Jezreel, Jezreelitess, Jizreelitess, Joash, Johanan, Joram, Josiah, Jotham, Jushabhesed, Maacah, Maachah, Malchiram, Manasseh, Meshullam, Nathan, Neariah, Nedabiah, Nepheg, Nogah, Obadiah, Ohel, Pedaiah, Pelaiah, Pelatiah, Rehoboam, Rephaiah, Salathiel, Shallum, Shammua, Shaphat, Shealtiel, Shecaniah, Shechaniah, Shelomith, Shemaiah, Shenazar, Shephatiah, Shimea, Shimei, Shobab, Solomon, Talmai, Tamar, Zedekiah, Zerubbabel
Geshur, Hebron, Jerusalem
Abigail, Ab'igail, Ahinoam, Ahin'o-am, Amnon, Birth, Born, Carmel, Carmelite, Carmelitess, Car'melitess, Daniel, David, David's, Firstborn, First-born, Hebron, Jezreel, Jezreelitess, Jizreelitess, Oldest, Sons
1. The sons of David.
10. His line to Zedekiah.
17. The successors of Jeconiah.

Dictionary of Bible Themes
1 Chronicles 3:1-9

     5119   Solomon, life of

Altar and Temple
'And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel were in the cities, the people gathered themselves together as one man to Jerusalem. 2. Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moses the man of God. 3. And they set the altar upon his bases; for fear was upon them because of the people of those
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Iranian Conquest
Drawn by Boudier, from the engraving in Coste and Flandin. The vignette, drawn by Faucher-Gudin, from a statuette in terra-cotta, found in Southern Russia, represents a young Scythian. The Iranian religions--Cyrus in Lydia and at Babylon: Cambyses in Egypt --Darius and the organisation of the empire. The Median empire is the least known of all those which held sway for a time over the destinies of a portion of Western Asia. The reason of this is not to be ascribed to the shortness of its duration:
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 9

The comparative indifference with which Chronicles is regarded in modern times by all but professional scholars seems to have been shared by the ancient Jewish church. Though written by the same hand as wrote Ezra-Nehemiah, and forming, together with these books, a continuous history of Judah, it is placed after them in the Hebrew Bible, of which it forms the concluding book; and this no doubt points to the fact that it attained canonical distinction later than they. Nor is this unnatural. The book
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

1 Chronicles 3:1 NIV
1 Chronicles 3:1 NLT
1 Chronicles 3:1 ESV
1 Chronicles 3:1 NASB
1 Chronicles 3:1 KJV

1 Chronicles 3:1 Bible Apps
1 Chronicles 3:1 Parallel
1 Chronicles 3:1 Biblia Paralela
1 Chronicles 3:1 Chinese Bible
1 Chronicles 3:1 French Bible
1 Chronicles 3:1 German Bible

1 Chronicles 3:1 Commentaries

Bible Hub
1 Chronicles 2:55
Top of Page
Top of Page