Romans 1:2
which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures,
Christ Foretold by the ProphetsRomans 1:2
Messianic ProphecyT. Robinson, D. D.Romans 1:2
The Gospel is no Afterthought, But the Forethought of GodC. Nell, M. A.Romans 1:2
The Messiah PredictedProfessor Auberlen.Romans 1:2
The Old Testament Scriptures Called Holy FromT. Robinson, D. D.Romans 1:2
The Gospel a Fulfilled ProphecyS.F. Aldridge Romans 1:1-4
A Call to the Ministry -- IncludesJ. Lyth.Romans 1:1-7
A Servant of ChristDean Vaughan.Romans 1:1-7
A Servant of Jesus ChristJ. Vaughan, M. A.Romans 1:1-7
Authentication and SalutationW. Tyson.Romans 1:1-7
Christianity as an Objective SystemT. Binney.Romans 1:1-7
Christ's Servant Christ's RepresentativeProf. J. A. Beet.Romans 1:1-7
Paul, the Slave of Jesus ChristH. Elvet Lewis.Romans 1:1-7
Paul's Description of Himself; Or, the Story of a Noble LifeC.H. Irwin Romans 1:1-7
Paul's First Contact with the Metropolis of the WorldT.F. Lockyer Romans 1:1, 5-7
Paul's SeparationT. Robinson, D. D.Romans 1:1-7
Paul's Servitude and ApostleshipR. Wardlaw, D. D.Romans 1:1-7
Qualifications for the ApostleshipR. Haldane.Romans 1:1-7
Separated unto the GospelW. Griffiths.Romans 1:1-7
The Christian's Personal ServiceBp. Reynolds.Romans 1:1-7
The Gospel of GodR. Haldane.Romans 1:1-7
The Happiness of ServiceDr. Duff.Romans 1:1-7
The Mystery of Loyalty -- the Master and the SlaveCanon Knox-Little.Romans 1:1-7
The Opening AddressT. G. Horton.Romans 1:1-7
The Sublimest ServitudeD. Thomas, D. D.Romans 1:1-7
The True Preacher and His Great ThemeU. R. Thomas.Romans 1:1-7
The Characterization of The Gospel of God, to Which Paul was SeparatedT.F. Lockyer Romans 1:2-4
The Church At RomeR.M. Edgar Romans 1:2-7

The awfulness of a commission of doom. Jonah. But to herald forth God's good tidings to a sorrowing world! This is the crown of all Christian ministry. The angels might well sing and be glad when ushering this gospel into the world (Luke 2:9-14); and Paul is rejoiced that he can strike this note of gladness. There might well be preludes to this burst of joy: so the words, "which he promised afore," etc. For all the indications of God's purposes of love, from Genesis 3. to Malachi, did but prepare the way for the completed announcement in "the fulness of the time." And so virtually they all were Divine promises of a fuller gospel. The two main thoughts - God's gospel; its contents.


1. A gospel carries the implication of a want, and, it may be, of a sorrow and a loss. So do the good tidings of God to man assume that man has lost his God, and with God all things good.

(1) Man knew not, surely, the reality of his sin; was deceived by the tempter; but awoke from his dream to find that God was gone! And this is the great loss of the world. Tim voices cry, "Where is thy God?" And he? The Good One - the light, the joy, the song of his creation. So man has blotted out his own heavens, and the earth thereby has lost its lustre and its grace.

(2) But the estranged God is a condemning God. He may not abdicate his essential relationship to the world as God, and if the love be lost it is replaced by wrath! So man's conscience testifies: stricken, sore, and bleeding.

2. A gospel carries the implication of a desire to have the want supplied, the sorrow and the loss removed. So man's sin has not hopelessly ruined him, else there could be no salvation. Room for God to work, and God does work.

(1) The historical preparation: God teaching the world to desire salvation. The Jews by direct dealings, a positive discipline; the Gentiles by indirect, a negative discipline. So, "the desire of all nations."

(2) The individual preparation: God's Spirit in the heart. Only the grace of God can bring us to God. And now God's gospel means, in general, that the condemning God will pardon, and the estranged God be a Father and a Friend again; that the yearnings towards himself which he has called forth shall thus find their full satisfaction, which is nothing other than the peace of forgiveness and the joy of adopting love.

II. ITS CONTENTS. But this general message has special terms. God's love is manifested, proved, accomplished, in his Son.

1. "His Son." For it is God's own love, his other self, which stoops to save us. Let us hold fast to this, for herein is the supreme pledge of our salvation.

2. His Son becomes "Jesus Christ our Lord."

(1) By the assumption of human nature. "Born of the seed of David according to the flesh." That it may be one of ourselves who saves us. (a) A Man, making atonement to God for men; (b) a human High Priest and Captain of salvation, himself "perfect through sufferings," and therefore "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" - the oneness with human-kind necessary for both the Godward and the manward aspects of the redeeming work. A Son of David, according to mere historical lineage and local appearance: "for salvation is of the Jews." But, grander and more royal than this, a Son of man - the Son of man, in his true human fashioning and for his world-wide work (Hebrews 2:14).

(2) By the glorification of human nature. "Declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection of the dead." A Redeemer of men must assert their redemption in his own Person first. "We see not yet all things put under him [i.e. man]. But we see Jesus... crowned with glory and honour" (Hebrews 2:8, 9), the archetypal Man. His resurrection, which the apostle here links on to its world-wide correlative and consequence, "the resurrection of the dead," demonstrates the redemptive power of Jesus, who is therefore the Christ, our Lord, and therefore Son of God; for only he who has life in himself can give life to dying men - life from the death of sin, life from all death which sin has more indirectly wrought. Oh, let us hearken to such a gospel! God's good news to a dying world, spoken forth with all the power of One who was God's very Son, and with all the tender sympathy of One who is our very Brother. And for a proper hearkening to this good news may God, in his love, prepare our hearts! - T.F.L.

Which He had promised afore by His prophets.
The Jews, throughout their history, differed from every other nation in their expectation of a Messiah. While heathen kingdoms decayed and fell without hope of deliverance, in Israel political decline was attended by an increasing expectation of a high and God-sent deliverer. This idea was always referred by the prophets to Divine revelation, and we have every reason to receive their testimony; for it is contrary to the very nature of things that such golden fruit as this should grow on the barren thorn of the simple human heart. Could this have been, surely the great and noble spirits of other nations would also have confidently expected salvation, whereas we only hear from the lips of a few some dim and obscure yearnings of this kind. It was only as a vanished epoch, a poetical dream, or a political panegyric, that heathen poets ever sang of a golden age. The heathen were "without hope" because they were without God in the world.

(Professor Auberlen.)

I. WHO THEY WERE. Persons —

1. Speaking by special Divine impulse (1 Samuel 10:6; 1 Corinthians 14:1).

2. Employed by God to reveal His will and to foretell future events.

3. Moved to compose and sing hymns to God (Exodus 15:20; 1 Chronicles 25:1).

4. Living in habitual communion with God.

II. WHAT THEY PROMISED. Christ and His salvation (Luke 24:27; Acts 3:18; Acts 10:43).

1. By Moses as —

(1)The woman's seed (Genesis 3:15).

(2)Abraham's seed (Genesis 22:18).

(3)Shiloh (Genesis 49:10).

(4)The prophet like unto Himself (Deuteronomy 18:15).

2. By David as —

(1)His son (Psalm 132:11).

(2)His Lord (Psalm 110:1).

(3)The Anointed (Psalm 2:2; Psalm 84:9).

(4)The Priest-King (Psalm 110:1).

(5)The Pierced One (Psalm 22:16).

3. By Isaiah as —

(1)The Virgin's Son (Isaiah 7:14).

(2)Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God (Isaiah 9:6).

(3)Rod out of the stem of Jesse. (Isaiah 11:1).

(4)Man of sorrows (Isaiah 53:3).

(5)Wounded and bruised Surety (Isaiah 53:5; Isaiah 10:1-12:6).

(6)God's righteous Servant (Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 52:13; Isaiah 53:11).

4. By Jeremiah as —

(1)The righteous Branch (Jeremiah 23:5).

(2)The Lord our Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6).

5. By Ezekiel as the true David, the Shepherd King (Ezekiel 37:24).

6. By Daniel as Messiah the Prince (Daniel 9:25, 26).

7. By Micah as the Judge of Israel (Micah 5:2).

8. By Haggai as the Desire of all nations (Haggai 2:7).

9. By Zechariah as —

(1)The Pierced One (Zechariah 12:10).

(2)The Man who was Jehovah's Shepherd and Fellow (Zechariah 13:7).

10. By Malachi as —

(1)The Messenger of the Covenant (Malachi 3:1).

(2)The Sun of Righteousness (Malachi 4:3).

(T. Robinson, D. D.)

The prophets had foretold concerning the Messiah —

1. His Divine and human natures (Isaiah 9:6).

2. His descent (Genesis 3:15; Genesis 12:3; Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 11:1; 1 Samuel 16:11).

3. The time of His appearing (Genesis 49:10; Daniel 9:24, 25; Haggai 2:6-9).

4. The place of His birth (Micah 5:2).

5. The virginity of His mother (Isaiah 7:14).

6. The Forerunner who should prepare His way (Malachi 3:1).

7. The special scene of His ministry (Isaiah 9:1, 2).

8. The miracles that should accredit His mission (Isaiah 35:5, 6).

9. His sufferings and death (Psalm 22:16, etc.; Zechariah 13:7; Isaiah 53:28).

10. Jeremiah His resurrection (Psalm 16:10).

11. His ascension (Psalm 68:18).

12. His sitting down at the right hand of the Father (Psalm 110:1).

13. His effusion of the Holy Ghost (Joel 2:28).

14. His second coming in judgment (Daniel 7:13).

(T. Robinson, D. D.)

God sees the end from the beginning. All things in nature and grace are working out one grand scheme, which God before the creation of heaven and earth designed. The gospel was but a further and fuller development of God's plans in Old Testament times. The stem is no afterthought; the leaves and buds are no afterthought; the flower is no afterthought; the fruit is no afterthought; for they were all wrapped up from the first in the seed, or cutting, or bulb. Or, to take another illustration, it is of no unfrequent occurrence that the architect designs a Gothic church which is not to be built all at once, but as sufficient funds are forthcoming, or as the congregation increases. At first the nave is constructed, then one aisle after another is added; and afterwards the chancel is built, and last of all is erected the spire — whose "silent finger points to heaven." The pulling down of temporary walls and hoardings, and the additions from time to time made, are no afterthought, but only the carrying out of the original design. Thus the doing away with the ceremonial law and Jewish ritual, and the bringing life and immortality to light through Jesus, are no afterthought, but the forethought of God — the revealing of His glorious scheme of grace designed before the foundation of the world, and previously promised by His prophets.

(C. Nell, M. A.)

In the holy Scriptures
I. THEIR AUTHOR, God the Holy Ghost (2 Peter 1:21; 2 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:1).

II. THEIR MATTER, God's holy will, thoughts, words, and works.

III. THEIR DESIGN AND TENDENCY, to make man holy (2 Timothy 3:17; John 17:17).


(T. Robinson, D. D.)

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