These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the Israelites:
I. THE WAY IN WHICH ALL JACOB'S PREVIOUS CULTURE TENDED TO THIS ONE RESULT OF MAKING HIM AN ISRAEL.
1. Delay serves for the trial and strengthening of faith. Faith grows by enduring trial. Mark how often the faith of eminent saints has been tried. Without faith we cannot please God; for faith believes God's truth and love, and embraces his will. Unbelief charges God with untruth (Genesis 3:4; 1 John 5:10). Even in believers a leaven of unbelief may be at work. Trials are sent to cause faith to develop into other graces (James 1:3).
2. What springs up quietly is apt to fade quickly (cf. Exodus 3:11 with Haggai 1:2). Danger lest what seems to be faith be merely feeling.
3. The time that seems so long is not mere delay, but preparation. While the seed lies in the earth a process is going on, though unseen, without which the perfect plant could not be formed. Compare the expression, "the fullness of time" (Galatians 4:4), and the way in which all previous history prepared the way for the coming of Christ. These lessons apply equally to God's dealings with the world and with individuals. Practical lessons: -
1. Encouragement if disheartened by slow progress of Christ's kingdom: much labor among the heathen with little apparent result; or many efforts at home, yet ungodliness not checked. We have promises (Isaiah 55:11; 1 Corinthians 15:58). In his own time God will make them good.
2. In like manner if our own striving for personal holiness, or for good of others, seems to have little success. We require the training of disappointment to check pride (2 Corinthians 12:7), and God will see to the result (Galatians 6:9).
3. To bear in mind that we are but instruments in the Lord's hand (1 Corinthians 3:6). Every work to be performed "looking unto Jesus" (2 Corinthians 12:10). - M.
God appeared unto Jacob again.1. God useth to knit comforts unto griefs for His saints. When creature comforts go out of sight, God cometh in.
2. God's appearance is enough to countervail the disappearance of any comfort.
3. In various ways God hath appeared to His saints, but now only in Christ.
4. Repeated manifestations of Himself doth God afford to the necessities of His saints.
5. All God's gracious appearances are to bless His people.
6. God's blessing for this life and that which is to come is effectual.
(G. Hughes, B. D.)
2. God minds His saints of their own mean name and state in changing
3. God alone removeth the lost estate and name of His people.
4. God alone bringeth His saints to a higher name and state.
5. God's sanction alone settles the name and glory of His saints.
6. This sanction God repeats at His pleasure for His people (ver. 10).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)
He called his name Israel —
II. THE WAY IN WHICH ALL JACOB'S SUBSEQUENT EXPERIENCES IN LIFE TENDED TO THE CONFIRMING IN HIM OF THE CHARACTER OF AN "ISRAEL." Even to the end of Jacob's life, God did not wholly remit His discipline. Loss of Joseph, famine, anxiety respecting Benjamin, &c.
III. WHAT A GLORIOUS ISSUE IT WAS TO A LIFE SO UNTOWARDLY BEGUN, THAT, BY THE DIVINE CULTURE, IT SHOULD BE THUS TRANSFORMED FROM THE CHARACTER OF A "SUPPLANTER" INTO THAT OF AN "ISRAEL."
1. It is a glorious thing for a man, by means of a Divine discipline of life, to be made acquainted with the characteristics of his own nature.
2. It is a glorious thing to have life enriched with manifold experiences.
3. It is a glorious thing to be made conscious of moral improvement and advantage.
4. It is a glorious thing to be brought into intimate fellowship and communion with God.
PeopleAchan, Achbor, Adah, Aholibamah, Aiah, Ajah, Akan, Alvah, Alvan, Amalek, Anah, Aran, Baalhanan, Bashemath, Basmath, Bedad, Bela, Beor, Bilhan, Canaanites, Cheran, Dishan, Dishon, Edomites, Elah, Eliphaz, Elon, Esau, Eshban, Ezer, Gatam, Hadad, Hadar, Hanan, Hemam, Heman, Hemdan, Hivite, Homam, Hori, Horites, Husham, Iram, Ishmael, Israelites, Ithran, Jaalam, Jacob, Jetheth, Jeush, Jobab, Kenaz, Korah, Lotan, Magdiel, Manahath, Matred, Mehetabel, Mezahab, Mibzar, Midianites, Mizzah, Nahath, Nebaioth, Nebajoth, Omar, Onam, Pinon, Reuel, Samlah, Saul, Seir, Shammah, Shaul, Shepho, Shobal, Teman, Temanites, Timna, Timnah, Zaavan, Zepho, Zerah, Zibeon
PlacesAvith, Bozrah, Canaan, Dinhabah, Edom, Euphrates River, Hebron, Masrekah, Midian, Moab, Pau, Rehoboth, Seir
TopicsEdom, Israelite, Israelites, Kings, Reigned, Reigning, Ruling, Sons
Outline1. Esau's three wives.
6. His removal to mount Seir.
9. His sons.
15. The dukes which descended of his sons.
20. The sons and dukes of Seir the Horite.
24. Anah finds mules.
31. The kings of Edom.
40. The dukes that descended of Esau.
Dictionary of Bible ThemesGenesis 36:10-43
LibrarySyria at the Beginning of the Egyptian Conquest
SYRIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE EGYPTIAN CONQUEST NINEVEH AND THE FIRST COSSAEAN KINGS-THE PEOPLES OF SYRIA, THEIR TOWNS, THEIR CIVILIZATION, THEIR RELIGION-PHOENICIA. The dynasty of Uruazagga-The Cossseans: their country, their gods, their conquest of Chaldaea-The first sovereigns of Assyria, and the first Cossaean Icings: Agumhakrime. The Egyptian names for Syria: Khara, Zahi, Lotanu, Kefatiu-The military highway from the Nile to the Euphrates: first section from Zalu to Gaza-The Canaanites: …
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 4
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