Jump to: ISBEConcordanceThesaurusHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTermsResources
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

zerks'-ez: The name is an attempt to transliterate into Greek (Xerxes) the Persian Khshayarsha. The same word in unpointed Hebrew took the form 'chshwrsh, probably pronounced 'achshawarash, but at a later time it was wrongly vocalized so as to produce 'achashwerosh, from whence "Ahasuerus" in English versions of the Bible comes.

Xerxes was king of Persia in 485-465 B.C. The first part of his reign was marked by the famous campaign into Greece, beginning in 483. After the defeat at Salamis in 480 Xerxes himself withdrew from the expedition and it was finally discontinued in the next year. During the remainder of his reign, Xerxes seems to have spent a listless existence, absorbed in intrigues of the harem, and leaving the government to be carried on by his ministers and favorites (often slaves). He was finally murdered by his vizier and left an unenviable reputation for caprice and cruelty. For the various Biblical references see AHASUERUS.

Burton Scott Easton

Strong's Hebrew
783b. Artachshast -- a son and successor of Xerxes, king of Persia
... 783a, 783b. Artachshast. 784 . a son and successor of Xerxes, king of Persia.
Transliteration: Artachshast Short Definition: Artaxerxes. ...
/hebrew/783b.htm - 5k

783a. Artachshasta -- a son and successor of Xerxes, king of ...
... 783, 783a. Artachshasta. 783b . a son and successor of Xerxes, king of Persia.
Transliteration: Artachshasta Short Definition: Artaxerxes. ...
/hebrew/783a.htm - 5k

783. Artachshashta' -- a son and successor of Xerxes, king of ...
... a son and successor of Xerxes, king of Persia. Transliteration: Artachshashta' Phonetic
Spelling: (ar-takh-shash-taw') Short Definition: Artaxerxes. Artaxerxes ...
/hebrew/783.htm - 5k

3752. Karkas -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Of Persian origin; Karkas, a eunuch of Xerxes: Of Persian origin; Karkas, a eunuch
of Xerxes: 3751, 3752. Karkas. 3753 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/3752.htm - 5k

8657. Teresh -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Usage Teresh (2). Teresh. Of foreign derivation; Teresh, a eunuch of Xerxes --
Teresh. 8656, 8657. Teresh. 8658 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/8657.htm - 5k

5. Abagtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Word Usage Abagtha (1). Abagtha. Of foreign origin; Abagtha, a eunuch of
Xerxes -- Abagtha. 4, 5. Abagtha. 6 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5.htm - 5k

904. Bigthan -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Bigthan, Bigthana. Or Bigthanad {big-thaw'naw}; of similar derivation to Bigtha';
Bigthan or Bigthana, a eunuch of Xerxes -- Bigthan, Bigthana. ...
/hebrew/904.htm - 6k

903. Bigtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Usage Bigtha (1). Bigtha. Of Persian derivation; Bigtha, a eunuch of Xerxes --
Bigtha. 902, 903. Bigtha. 904 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/903.htm - 5k

2726. Charbona -- eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Harbona, Harbonah. Or Charbownah {khar-bo-naw'}; of Persian origin; Charbona or
Charbonah, a eunuch of Xerxes -- Harbona, Harbonah. 2725, 2726. ...
/hebrew/2726.htm - 6k

2060. Vashti -- queen of Pers.
... NASB Word Usage Vashti (10). Vashti. Of Persian origin; Vashti, the queen of Xerxes --
Vashti. 2059, 2060. Vashti. 2061 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/2060.htm - 5k


Xerxes. <. Xerxes Jacob Abbott. Produced by D. Alexander and the
Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp ...

The Return of Xerxes to Persia.
... CHAPTER XII. THE RETURN OF XERXES TO PERSIA. BC480 Mardonius."His apprehensions
after the battle."Depression of Xerxes."Mardonius's ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter xii the return of.htm

How Xerxes the Son of Darius was Well Disposed to the Jews; as ...
... CHAPTER 5. How Xerxes The Son Of Darius Was Well Disposed To The Jews;
As Also Concerning Esdras And Nehemiah. 1. Upon the death ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 5 how xerxes the.htm

The Mother of Xerxes.
... CHAPTER I. THE MOTHER OF XERXES. BC522-484 Persian magnificence."The
mother of Xerxes."Cambyses."Ambition and selfishness ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter i the mother of.htm

The Advance of Xerxes into Greece.
... THE ADVANCE OF XERXES INTO GREECE. BC480 ... They were also, in the days of Xerxes, densely
populated, and adorned profusely with temples, citadels, and towns. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter viii the advance of.htm

... Title Page. Makers of History Xerxes. BY JACOB ABBOTT. WITH ENGRAVINGS. NEW
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/title page.htm


Crossing the Hellespont.
... Winter in Asia Minor."Destruction of the bridge."Indignation of Xerxes."His ridiculous
punishment of the sea."Xerxes orders a new bridge to be made ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter v crossing the hellespont.htm

Debate on the Proposed Invasion of Greece.
... Counselors of Xerxes."Age and character of Mardonius."The avenues to renown."Blood
inherited and blood shed."Character of Artabanus."His advice to ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter iii debate on the.htm

The Burning of Athens.
... Some of the inhabitants remain."Situation of the Acropolis."Magnificent architectural
structures."Statue of Minerva."The Parthenon."Xerxes at Athens ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter x the burning of.htm

Xerxes (24 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia XERXES. zerks'-ez: The name is an attempt
to transliterate into Greek (Xerxes) the Persian Khshayarsha. ...
/x/xerxes.htm - 14k

Ahasbai (1 Occurrence)
... Septuagint Assoueros, but in Tobit 14:15 Asueros; the Latin form of the Hebrew
'achashwerosh, a name better known in its ordinary Greek form of Xerxes): It was ...
/a/ahasbai.htm - 11k

Artaxerxes (14 Occurrences)
... (1) All are agreed that the Artaxerxes at whose court Ezra and Nehemiah were officials
is Artaxerxes I, the son of Xerxes, commonly called Longimanus, who ...
/a/artaxerxes.htm - 16k

Persians (6 Occurrences)
... HISTORY 1. Cyrus 2. Capture of Babylon 3. Cambyses 4. Pseudo-Smerdis 5. Darius I
6. Darius' Suez Canal 7. Xerxes I 8. Artaxerxes II 9. Xerxes II 10. ...
/p/persians.htm - 20k

Darius (26 Occurrences)
... During his reign the Jews enjoyed much peace and prosperity. He was succeeded by
Ahasuerus, known to the Greeks as Xerxes, who reigned for twenty-one years. ...
/d/darius.htm - 24k

Mordecai (52 Occurrences)
... carried into captivity with Jeconiah, and hence that he must have been at least
one hundred and twenty-nine years old in the twelfth year of Ahasuerus (Xerxes...
/m/mordecai.htm - 28k

Esther (48 Occurrences)
... The authorship of this book is unknown. It must have been obviously written after
the death of Ahasuerus (the Xerxes of the Greeks), which took place BC 465. ...
/e/esther.htm - 58k

... 2. History: The magnificent palace of which such striking remains are still visible
(Takht i Jamshid) was built by Darius and Xerxes of white marble and black ...
/p/persepolis.htm - 7k

Bigthan (1 Occurrence)
... big'-than big-tha'-na (bighethan, bighethana'; Septuagint omits name): One of the
two chamberlains or eunuchs of Xerxes on ("Ahasuerus") who conspired against ...
/b/bigthan.htm - 7k

Bigthana (2 Occurrences)
... big'-than big-tha'-na (bighethan, bighethana'; Septuagint omits name): One of the
two chamberlains or eunuchs of Xerxes on ("Ahasuerus") who conspired against ...
/b/bigthana.htm - 7k

Who was Xerxes in the Bible? | GotQuestions.org

Why did Queen Vashti refuse to appear before Xerxes? | GotQuestions.org

Did Esther have sex with Xerxes before they were married? | GotQuestions.org

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Xerxes (24 Occurrences)

Ezra 4:6
In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
(See NIV)

Esther 1:1
Now it happened in the days of Ahasuerus (this is Ahasuerus who reigned from India even to Ethiopia, over one hundred twenty-seven provinces),
(See NIV)

Esther 1:9
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to King Ahasuerus.
(See NIV)

Esther 1:10
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
(See NIV)

Esther 1:15
"What shall we do to the queen Vashti according to law, because she has not done the bidding of the King Ahasuerus by the eunuchs?"
(See NIV)

Esther 1:16
Memucan answered before the king and the princes, "Vashti the queen has not done wrong to just the king, but also to all the princes, and to all the people who are in all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus.
(See NIV)

Esther 1:17
For this deed of the queen will become known to all women, causing them to show contempt for their husbands, when it is reported,'King Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she didn't come.'
(See NIV)

Esther 1:19
If it please the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, so that it cannot be altered, that Vashti may never again come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.
(See NIV)

Esther 2:1
After these things, when the wrath of King Ahasuerus was pacified, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.
(See NIV)

Esther 2:12
Each young woman's turn came to go in to King Ahasuerus after her purification for twelve months (for so were the days of their purification accomplished, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet fragrances and with preparations for beautifying women).
(See NIV)

Esther 2:21
In those days, while Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate, two of the king's eunuchs, Bigthan and Teresh, who were doorkeepers, were angry, and sought to lay hands on the King Ahasuerus.
(See NIV)

Esther 3:1
After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who were with him.
(See NIV)

Esther 3:6
But he scorned the thought of laying hands on Mordecai alone, for they had made known to him Mordecai's people. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the Mordecai's people.
(See NIV)

Esther 3:7
In the first month, which is the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, and chose the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
(See NIV)

Esther 3:8
Haman said to King Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different than other people's. They don't keep the king's laws. Therefore it is not for the king's profit to allow them to remain.
(See NIV)

Esther 3:12
Then the king's scribes were called in on the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month; and all that Haman commanded was written to the king's satraps, and to the governors who were over every province, and to the princes of every people, to every province according its writing, and to every people in their language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus, and it was sealed with the king's ring.
(See NIV)

Esther 6:2
It was found written that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, who were doorkeepers, who had tried to lay hands on the King Ahasuerus.
(See NIV)

Esther 8:10
He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by courier on horseback, riding on royal horses that were bread from swift steeds.
(See NIV)

Esther 8:12
on one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
(See NIV)

Esther 9:2
the Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus, to lay hands on those who wanted to harm them. No one could withstand them, because the fear of them had fallen on all the people.
(See NIV)

Esther 9:20
Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both near and far,
(See NIV)

Esther 9:30
He sent letters to all the Jews, to the hundred twenty-seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,
(See NIV)

Esther 10:3
For Mordecai the Jew was next to King Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted by the multitude of his brothers, seeking the good of his people, and speaking peace to all his descendants.
(See NIV)

Daniel 9:1
In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans,
(See NIV)



Related Terms

Ahasbai (1 Occurrence)

Artaxerxes (14 Occurrences)

Persians (6 Occurrences)

Darius (26 Occurrences)

Mordecai (52 Occurrences)

Esther (48 Occurrences)


Bigthan (1 Occurrence)

Bigthana (2 Occurrences)


Persian (4 Occurrences)

Yah (40 Occurrences)


Vashti (10 Occurrences)

Zeresh (3 Occurrences)

Isaiah (64 Occurrences)

Tubal (9 Occurrences)

Mehuman (1 Occurrence)

Purim (5 Occurrences)

Pur (3 Occurrences)

Biztha (1 Occurrence)

Bigtha (1 Occurrence)


Colossae (1 Occurrence)

Achmetha (1 Occurrence)

Abihail (6 Occurrences)

Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)

Abagtha (1 Occurrence)

Sennacherib (13 Occurrences)

Samothrace (1 Occurrence)

Sardis (3 Occurrences)

Shushan (19 Occurrences)

Great (10383 Occurrences)

Cyprus (12 Occurrences)

Ancient (64 Occurrences)

Nebuchadrezzar (31 Occurrences)


Introduction (3 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Tower (74 Occurrences)

Babylon (270 Occurrences)

Nebuchadnezzar (90 Occurrences)


Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Minor (2 Occurrences)

Haman (46 Occurrences)

Asia (22 Occurrences)

Book (211 Occurrences)

Anaharath (1 Occurrence)

Babel (3 Occurrences)



Phoenicia (6 Occurrences)

Bel (3 Occurrences)

Dragon (20 Occurrences)

Zechariah (55 Occurrences)

Religion (23 Occurrences)


Literature (2 Occurrences)

Language (112 Occurrences)

Old (3966 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

Top of Page
Top of Page